We know that most school shooters have a connection to the school they target. Twelve of the 14 school shooters in our database prior to the most recent attack in Texas were either current or former students of the school. Any prior connection between the latest shooter and Robb Elementary School has not been released to the public.




However, most school shooters are motivated by a generalized anger. Their path to violence involves self-hate and despair turned outward at the world, and our research finds they often communicate their intent to do harm in advance as a final, desperate cry for help.








By Silas Isenjia




Bangui, 21 May, 2022 / 4:00 pm (ACI Africa).




More than 300 children who served as child soldiers in the Central African Republic (CAR) have been given an opportunity to transform their lives through training opportunities spearheaded by Jesuits Refugee Service (JRS), an international refugee entity of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits).




In a Monday, May 16 report, JRS leadership says that children in CAR have been at high risk of abuse, recruitment, and exploitation by armed groups since the onset of civil unrest in 2013.




“To foster the social inclusion of children…, in 2017 JRS CAR began campaigning to demobilize young people and provide them with educational and training opportunities,” JRS officials say in the report.




They add in reference to the training opportunities, “Given the stigma faced by former child soldiers, these activities also targeted the broader community, to encourage reconciliation and promote social cohesion.”










Ms. Lalonde says that the needs in Mozambique, which she describes as one of the poorest countries on the African continent, are immense.




“For the past three years, many farmers have been unable to cultivate their land, which has been ripped out by terrorist groups or flooded by successive storms,” the Director of ACN Canada says.




For more than two years now, Aid to the Church in Need has been supporting hundreds of displaced families with food, hygiene products, health care and seeds.




The international charity also makes spiritual and psychosocial assistance possible for those who are traumatized and in need.




“We must continue to support them, because without us, they literally have nothing left,” the Catholic foundation reports, in reference to the victims of the Mozambican crisis.









During his homily, Cardinal Cantalamessa alluded to the war in Ukraine.




“One thing of which these events have suddenly reminded us: the structures of the world can change from one day to another,” he said. “Everything passes, everything ages; everything — not only ‘the blissfulness of youth’ — wanes.”




“There is only one way to escape the current of time that drags everything with it: to pass on to that which does not pass! To put our feet on firm ground!”




“Easter, Passover, means passage: let us all aim to experience a real Easter this year, Venerable Fathers, brothers and sisters: let us pass on to the One who does not pass. Let us pass on now with our heart, before passing on one day with our body.”










War in Ukraine-




By Peg Prendeville




“The Russians are coming, hide under the bed”




How often in youth did I hear people say




And I wondered for sure if all Russians were bad




And I hoped and I prayed that I’d not see the day




When the Russians decided to start a big war




And pile pain on the neighbours who lived right next door




Led by a fanatic who was hungry for power




Bringing their standard of living right down to the floor.




For just as Covid 19 got tired and stepped back




Putin decided to light up the fuse




Despite assurances that it was not his plan




He sent in the troops and all hell broke loose.




But we mustn’t lose hope or cry out in pain




There’s good to be seen all over the earth




And we pray that it spreads deep into Ukraine




So, soon again, they’ll feel safe in their country of birth.






How Vladimir Putin uses the history of the Russian Empire


MARCH 2022


On February 24, Vladimir Putin shocked the world by starting a war in Ukraine.


In the run-up to the Russian invasion, Putin delivered far-reaching speeches and wrote


an article to legitimise his actions – packed with intense rhetoric on imperial as well as


Soviet history. This is, however, not something new. Putin has consistently instrumentalised history


to achieve his policy goals since the day he became president.1 Over the years, he has increasingly and repeatedly referred to the history of the Russian Empire, as a discourse analysis of over 500 of his speeches and other sources over the years reveals.


1 This research was conducted at Utrecht University(UU) in fulfilment of the MA in International


Relations in Historical Perspective. See the UU thesis archive for the complete research results.


2 Much has been written about the ways in which Putin has instrumentalised the history of World War II and the Soviet Union, but less about how he us






In the First World War 1.5 million volunteers from India rallying under the British flag and were fighting in the trenches.




By Katie Yoder




Washington, 05 March, 2022 / 4:00 pm (ACI Africa).




A Catholic Ukrainian journalist is documenting day-to-day life in Ukraine following Russia’s invasion of the country — and sharing her faith in God along the way.




“These days, I fall asleep with the rosary in my hands and the prayer ‘Hail Mary’ on my lips,” the journalist in Kyiv, who remains anonymous for security reasons, says in her most recent diary entry on March 3. “I believe I’m holding Mary's hand. She's nearby.”




St. Rita Radio, an EWTN affiliate in Norway, is translating and sharing the journalist's daily messages in the form of a video and podcast series titled "Diary from Kyiv." The first episode was released on Feb. 26.




The 3- to 6-minute video episodes (available on YouTube and Facebook as well as Spotify and Apple Podcasts) feature a voice-over from a translator as images or short video clips from Ukraine appear.









CNA Staff World


March 4, 2022




The leader of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church said on Friday that “many people” have told him that they have seen “luminous angels over the land of Ukraine.”




Major Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk was speaking in a video message recorded on March 4 in the besieged Ukrainian capital Kyiv, whose patron saint is St. Michael the Archangel.




“Here in Kyiv we perceive that the patron of our city is the Archangel Michael who with the cry ‘Who is like God?’ cast into the abyss Lucifer — the one who rose up against God’s truth and was the leader of the diabolical armies,” he said.




    “We perceive today that the Archangel Michael together with the whole Heavenly Host is fighting for Ukraine. So many people from throughout Ukraine are turning to me saying that they saw luminous angels over the land of Ukraine.”






Ernest’s youngest child was only four when he died. His widow, Isabella, would live for another 46 years, without remarrying. Ernest’s cause of death was listed on his death certificate as intestinal disease of the kidney and urenia. Urenia is linked to renal disease, which sadly claimed the lives of many who worked and were exposed to cotton dust in the mills.









The 16-millimeter film, made by his grandfather, David Kurtz, on the eve of World War II, showed the Alps, quaint Dutch villages and three minutes of footage of a vibrant Jewish community in a Polish town.







A sobor in the East is analogous to a “synod” of bishops in the West, though a sobor has actual governing, not only advisory, authority.




In 1946, with Stalin consolidating his World War II gains in Eastern Europe, he ordered the liquidation of the UGCC. Soviet officials then convened, by force, a sobor of the UGCC in the western city of Lviv. Ukrainian Catholics refer to it as a “pseudo-sobor” as it did not include all the legitimate bishops and was convened improperly.




The Lviv pseudo-sobor renounced the 1596 “Union of Brest” by which the UGCC returned to full communion with Rome. The pseudo-sobor, under duress, declared their Church to be in communion with the Russian Orthodox Patriarch of Moscow.




What followed was a fierce persecution for those who rejected the decisions of the fake sobor. The UGCC became the largest underground religious group in the world. For 44 years, Ukrainian Catholics only had religious freedom outside of Ukraine. The liquidation of the UGCC gave rise to a remarkable story of fidelity, martyrdom and eventually restoration.




Patriarch Shevchuk, on the 75th anniversary last year, spoke of the effect on the Orthodox, the supposed beneficiary of Stalin’s policy. In 1942, Stalin had revived the Russian Orthodox Church in order to build up national solidarity in the fight against Hitler; it became akin to a branch of the state.




“The Lviv pseudo-sobor, in my opinion, was a great humiliation of the Russian Orthodox Church,” Patriarch Shevchuk said. “I don’t think the Russian Orthodox Church needed such a ‘gift’ from Stalin.”




Being co-opted by a corrupt regime is worse than being controlled by it.




That’s the lesson relevant to China today. The Christian Church, which was illegal for nearly three centuries under the Roman Empire, knows how to live under persecution. Indeed, the blood of the martyrs has been recognized as the seed of new Christian witness since those early centuries.






By: Morgan Godvin


November 9, 2021


9 minutes




If humanity has always had wars, it seems natural to assume soldiers have always suffered from PTSD. But PTSD as a recognized diagnosis is relatively new. In fact, PTSD was not added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) until 1980.




Since the close of the Vietnam war, journal articles began to question the link between the mental health consequences of having served in Vietnam, crime, and incarceration rates. But those articles didn’t yet have the PTSD diagnosis in their analytic arsenal—it simply didn’t exist. Now that it does, contemporary articles retroactively apply what we now know as PTSD to centuries-old accounts of veterans suffering mental health issues. To understand the modern discourse around PTSD and incarceration, it is imperative to understand its evolution through history.








V E Day began with Mr Churchill's broadcast officially announcing the end of war in Europe.  Londoners took to the streets in celebrations which continued for nearly two days. Outside Buckingham Palace the crowds chanted 'we want the King'







The victor of the Civil Wars described himself as pious, honest and selfless. But, as all too many victims of his lies and malice would have attested, the reality was often more sinister, writes Professor Ronald Hutton







Saint John XXIII’s Story


Saint of the Day for October 11- (November 25, 1881 – June 3, 1963)


Although few people had as great an impact on the 20th century as Pope John XXIII, he avoided the limelight as much as possible. Indeed, one writer has noted that his “ordinariness” seems one of his most remarkable qualities.


The firstborn son of a farming family in Sotto il Monte, near Bergamo in northern Italy, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was always proud of his down-to-earth roots. In Bergamo’s diocesan seminary, he joined the Secular Franciscan Order.


After his ordination in 1904, Fr. Roncalli returned to Rome for canon law studies. He soon worked as his bishop’s secretary, Church history teacher in the seminary, and as publisher of the diocesan paper.


His service as a stretcher-bearer for the Italian army during World War I gave him a firsthand knowledge of war. In 1921, Fr. Roncalli was made national director in Italy of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. He also found time to teach patristics at a seminary in the Eternal City.










Rome Didn't Fall When You Think It Did ---------------------------------




This mistake matters for two reasons. First, Marcellinus’s manufactured fall of Rome helped create conditions that permitted Justinian to launch a war that killed hundreds of thousands and destroyed the prosperity that Roman rule had once created in the West. His words had real, deadly and long-lasting consequences.




Second, the manufactured fall of Rome reveals the unstable boundaries between historical epochs. For 1,500 years, Odoacer’s coup has concluded a cautionary tale about how barbarian commanders in the Roman army ended Rome’s empire. People around the world have scrutinized this story so that their societies may avoid suffering Rome’s fate. But, if we recognize that Rome did not fall in 476, the lessons we take from Roman history become quite different. Rome’s story then does not warn us of the danger of barbarous outsiders toppling a society from within. It instead shows how a false claim that a nation has perished can help cause the very problems its author invented. We ignore this danger at our peril.








The victor of the Civil Wars described himself as pious, honest and selfless. But, as all too many victims of his lies and malice would have attested, the reality was often more sinister, writes Professor Ronald Hutton






We cannot but speak..... (Fr. Michael P.O’Sullivan, Intercom October 2021.)
After the first World War, Pope Benedict XV invited Catholics to bring light to a
world devasted by conflict. By virtue of their baptism, all Catholics were called
to be missionary minded, and missionaries needed to be men and women of
God. His successor Pope Pius X1 made the second last Sunday of October a day
dedicated to ‘the missions’, that is a special day to pray for and assist
missionaries in their call to ‘go out to the whole world and proclaim the Good












What were the key tasks in this “export of liberal democracy”? Here is my two-point summary.




First, the United States and its allies had to build an Afghan military that could protect this project. #FAIL




Second, the Western nation builders had to sell a vision of an Islamic culture that, somehow, embraced American values on a host of different issues — from free elections to freedom for women, from Western-style education to respect for the Sexual Revolution in all its forms. This Georgetown University faculty lounge vision of Islam needed to be more compelling than the one offered by the Taliban. #FAIL




Looking at this from a journalism perspective, I think it is more than symbolic that most of the elite media coverage of the fall of this new, alternative Afghanistan have almost nothing to say about Islam and, in particular, the divisions inside that stunningly complex world religion. Was this, in any way, a “religion story”? Apparently not. #FAIL










About Beyond 2022 – creating the Virtual Record Treasury of Ireland




Beyond 2022 is an all-island and international collaborative research project working to create a virtual reconstruction of the Public Record Office of Ireland, which was destroyed in the opening engagement of the Civil War on June 30th, 1922.




The ‘Record Treasury’ at the Public Record Office of Ireland stored seven centuries of Irish records dating back to the time of the Normans. Together with our 5 Core Archival Partners and over 40 other Participating Institutions in Ireland, Britain and the USA, we are working to recover what was lost in that terrible fire one hundred years ago.








Video link






Army 4 5 2014.wmv