Such as we know it, Castle Magne is a scattered


hamlet on the banks of the Maine, ten miles south


of Tralee, and some three miles in a bee-line from


the head of Dingle Bay. It has one main street


or roadway leading to the south, and bending






Thomas Adderley was an active and involved stepfather to James Caulfeild, providing advice and help to him throughout his transition to adulthood and after. Thomas, who became MP for Charlemont, built Marino House in 1753 on property he had acquired, and presented it to his stepson, Lord Charlemont. While Charlemont was away – in London or travelling through Europe – Thomas Adderley developed and managed the Marino estate on his behalf.










St Oliver Church Mungret








Banking Collapse in Cork in the 1820s Roches and Leslies Bank and House of Commons, London, Select Committee Query re Collapse, only functioning Bank left Pikes.  First run 1820 Deputation including Messrs Crawford and Gerard Callaghan deputed to see Lord Lieutenant in Dublin to solicit loan o £100,000. 2nd failure of Leslies 1825.




The effects of the banking collapse were felt in all area and made a bad situation immeasurably worse. For example in Dunmanway the Church of Ireland Vestry return for 1827 state that the previous years collection was deposited with Leslie's Bank in Cork and lost when the Bank collapsed even though that happened in 1820.








WEST Cork History










This is only a drop in the ocean but you can see family names clustering:




Fairly common from mid 18th century for schoolmasters to be witnesses to deeds and memorials. Some seem to be on pretty good terms with various Landlords.














NEW research suggests that the Vikings brought leprosy to Ireland. Sun Newspaper


BACTERIA IN INVADERS' BONES New research suggests the Vikings brought leprosy to Ireland as remains from Irish cemeteries examined


Researchers focused on five cases of probable leprosy which were identified in human skeletal remains excavated from burials in Ireland


  Fiona Ellis  31 Jan 2019


Researchers from Queen’s University Belfast, the University of Surrey and the University of Southampton focused on five cases of probable leprosy which were identified in human skeletal remains excavated from burials in Ireland.


New research suggests the Vikings brought leprosy to Irish shores


Three of the individuals were from a cemetery in Dublin and two came from Co Kildare and Co Antrim.


Professor Eileen Murphy, from the School of Natural and Built Environment at Queen’s University Belfast said: “Relatively little is known of leprosy in Medieval Ireland. As an island located at the far west of Europe, it has the potential to provide interesting insights about the historical origin of the disease.


“Ireland is of particular interest in the history of leprosy as it was never part of the Roman world nor underwent any significant occupation by later Anglo-Saxon settlers.”


Genetic investigations, also known as genotyping, were carried out on the leprosy bacterium (M. leprae) strains in two of the Dublin individuals.


The strains, which were dated from the early 10th century through to the 13th century, revealed that the individuals had been affected by two different strains of leprosy. One had probable origins in Scandinavia (Type 3), while the other first developed in the Middle East (Type 2).


Professor Mike Taylor, Bioarchaeological Scientist at the University of Surrey, said: “As past leprosy strains evolved, the genetic fingerprint of an archaeological case of leprosy can tell us about the possible movements of that individual. The two strain types discovered are highly similar to those present in cases in medieval Scandinavia, increasing the likelihood that this is the origin.”


The Dublin skeletons were also chemically examined to determine where the individuals had spent their early years.


None of the three individuals appear to have been local to Dublin and, while one may have been British or from the north of Ireland, the remaining two grew up in Scandinavia.






Oct 20 (Reuters) - Long before Columbus crossed the Atlantic, eight timber-framed buildings covered in sod stood on a terrace above a peat bog and stream at the northern tip of Canada's island of Newfoundland, evidence that the Vikings had reached the New World first.




But precisely when the Vikings journeyed to establish the L'Anse aux Meadows settlement had remained unclear - until now.




Scientists on Wednesday said a new type of dating technique using a long-ago solar storm as a reference point revealed that the settlement was occupied in 1021 AD, exactly a millennium ago and 471 years before the first voyage of Columbus. The technique was used on three pieces of wood cut for the settlement, all pointing to the same year.




The Viking voyage represents multiple milestones for humankind. The settlement offers the earliest-known evidence of a transatlantic crossing. It also marks the place where the globe was finally encircled by humans, who thousands of years earlier had trekked into North America over a land bridge that once connected Siberia to Alaska.




"Much kudos should go to these northern Europeans for being the first human society to traverse the Atlantic," said geoscientist Michael Dee of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, who led the study published in the journal Nature.




The Vikings, or Norse people, were seafarers with Scandinavian homelands: Norway, Sweden and Denmark. They ventured through Europe, sometimes colonizing and other times trading or raiding. They possessed extraordinary boat-building and navigation skills and established settlements on Iceland and Greenland.




"I think it is fair to describe the trip as both a voyage of discovery and a search for new sources of raw materials," Dee said. "Many archaeologists believe the principal motivation for them seeking out these new territories was to uncover new sources of timber, in particular. It is generally believed they left from Greenland, where wood suitable for construction is extremely rare."




Their wooden vessels, called longboats, were propelled by sail and oars. One surviving example, called the Oseberg ship, is roughly 70 feet (21.6 meters long).




The Viking Age is traditionally defined as 793-1066 AD, presenting a wide range for the timing of the transatlantic crossing. Ordinary radiocarbon dating - determining the age of organic materials by measuring their content of a particular radioactive isotope of carbon - proved too imprecise to date L'Anse aux Meadows, which was discovered in 1960, although there was a general belief it was the 11th century.




The new dating method relies on the fact that solar storms produce a distinctive radiocarbon signal in a tree's annual growth rings. It was known there was a significant solar storm - a burst of high-energy cosmic rays from the sun - in 992 AD.




In all three pieces of wood examined, from three different trees, 29 growth rings were formed after the one that bore evidence of the solar storm, meaning the wood was cut in 1021, said University of Groningen archaeologist Margot Kuitems, the study's first author.




It was not local indigenous people who cut the wood because there is evidence of metal blades, which they did not possess, Dee said.




The length of the occupation remains unclear, though it may have been a decade or less, and perhaps 100 Norse people were present at any given time, Dee said. Their structures resembled Norse buildings on Greenland and Iceland.




Oral histories called the Icelandic Sagas depict a Viking presence in the Americas. Written down centuries later, they describe a leader named Leif Erikson and a settlement called Vinland, as well as violent and peaceful interactions with the local peoples, including capturing slaves.




The 1021 date roughly corresponds to the saga accounts, Dee said, adding: "Thus it begs the question, how much of the rest of the saga adventures are true?"


Reporting by Will Dunham in Washington, Editing by Rosalba O'Brien










Football back again May 2021.mp4




The tomb, which is on private land, is in a vulnerable condition and there are concerns that people visiting the site may cause further damage to the structure.




The National Museum of Ireland said it wishes to thank the landowner and all those involved in the prompt reporting of the find.


More stories on






Names and Races




By Domhnall de Barra




Last week I wrote a bit about  the name Patrick, a name that is so common throughout the country, due to our patron saint, and the variations of that name that we use. It got me thinking about the names we call each other and the terms of endearment, or worse, that we use. We are seldom satisfied with our proper names. Take the name Michael for instance;  very few christened in that angel’s honour are known by the proper name. We have Mike, Mikie, Micheál, Haulie, Hauleen Mickeen, Michealeen etc. A bit like my own name, Daniel. I am called Dan, Danny, Donie, Domhnall but never Daniel except for my mother, on occasions, when she might not be too pleased with me. She always called me Dan but if she wanted to emphasise something or tell me off she would refer to me as Daniel P. –  Patrick is my middle name. Then there was the custom of calling people by their middle name instead of the first one. This was often done because a child had to be named after some relation  who might not have been too popular with one of the parents. They could pick any name they liked for the middle one and nobody raised an eyebrow when that was the preferred title. Sometimes people avoid using names altogether. A husband might refer to his wife as “the missus” or “herself” or a caller might ask a woman “is himself at home”. This drives my wife Noreen mad. She says every one has a name and is entitled to be properly addressed. She also hates being addressed as “darling” – don’t blame her. Some of these terms of endearment are kind of ridiculous and come to us via films and television.. Why anyone would want to be called “baby” is beyond  me and the  abbreviated version “babes” is even worse. Honey, sweetheart, sweetcheeks, lovie,  dearie, are all nauseating to me. I particularly find the term “honey bunch” laughable. Honey might come in a lot of ways but in a bunch?- give me a break!  Our children are not spared either as we often call them by animals’ names. Kids is more used nowadays than children. A kid is a young goat, not a human being. We also use “pet” but they are not dogs or cats. Adults don’t escape either. A woman who complains a lot may be described as a “bitch” although most female dogs are very placid creatures. She might also be referred to as a “cow” again one of the quieter animals. A “gligeen” was a young skittish girl A pretty woman could be referred to as a “fox”. Stupid people were referred to as “apes”. They could be a fierce ape, an awful ape, a desperate ape or, most comical of all a “printed” ape! A big man was often called a bear or a bull. There was one of these in every Murphy’s or McAlpine’s gangs in England long ago, the most famous being  “The Bear O’Shea” who featured in the ballad “McAlpine’s Fusiliers”. The old folk had some very funny phrases for describing a particular type of person, especially in a derogatory fashion. A smaller offending person might be called “a little sparrow fart” or even worse “a little shitty-arse”.  One who misbehaved was a “pup” or a “caffler”, a silly woman was an “óinseach” and a foolish man was an “amadán”. A strong man  might be referred to as a ”hoor” of a man.  John B. Keane always maintained this word had nothing to do with the one that describes a lady of the night, hence the different spelling. It could be used  almost as a compliment.




There was the story of the tourist who was standing on the pier in Dingle one morning as two fishing boats pulled out to sea. A man on one of the boats shouted to a man on the other boat; “hi O’Hara, O’Hara you hoor you  how’re you”. The tourist was convinced that they were speaking Japanese and said he never thought that they would be fishing so far from home.!  Times are changing and we are losing a lot of the terms and names that were once so common. I suppose, at the end of the day it does not really matter as long as the persons themselves are happy with their titles and our loved ones are reassured by how we address them so take no notice of me and my ranting.




It was a fantastic week of sport culminating in the great win over the English rugby team on Saturday.  Horse racing took centre stage during the week with the annual Cheltenham festival dominating the airwaves. This festival is the highlight of the jumping season, the champions league and the world cup all rolled into one. Not that long ago an Irish win at this meeting was a rarity and we went there more in hope than anticipation. The tables have now turned with most of the winners at the meeting going to Irish horses, trainers and jockeys. The icing on the cake was twofold; Rachel Blackmore, leading Jockey and Henry De Bromhead, leading trainer. Rachel grabbed all the headlines, not just because she was the first lady to win the title but for her ability as a master jockey. She has opened the door for young girls all over the country who can now see themselves  in the winners enclosure. I have mixed feelings about this. Of course it is great that women are treated as equals in sport but being a jump jockey is a very dangerous occupation.  I listened lately to a leading jockey listing the amount of bones he had broken falling off horses. I would not like to see a grand daughter of mine putting herself in such danger or a grandson either.  Anyway it was a great occasion and I want to compliment the producers of the programme each day on  Virgin Media 3. It was light-hearted, informative, entertaining and you didn’t need to know much about racing to be caught up in the excitement of the moment. They did all this despite the fact that there were no crowds to create an atmosphere, especially in the winners circle. Then came Saturday and I don’t think any of us anticipated the performance of the Irish team as they took England apart. Any victory over England is good but this was especially pleasing because it finished the season on a high note and gave a great send-off to C. J. Stander, a rugby player who has been phenomenal both in the jerseys of both Ireland and Munster. He will be sadly missed but I think he is right to go now, while he still is relatively injury free. This is another sport that can be dangerous due to over physicality. Head injuries are a major worry with many past players, who are now in their middle ages, showing signs of brain damage. We all love sport but we have to ensure that we look after the welfare of those who give us so much entertainment week after week.






                              Patneen Ahern Remembered                 By Tom Aherne




2013 is the 25th anniversary of the passing of the master fiddle player Paddy Ahern (affectionately known as Patneen) from Glenagore, Athea; He died on Saturday 26th November 1988 aged 87 years old. I compiled the following tribute to him about 10 years ago which I would like to share with our readers. Traditional music has been played for centuries all over Ireland. It has been handed down from father to son, mother to daughter, and from neighbour to neighbour, for Irish music is a living tradition. Since the dawn of time people have enjoyed making and listening to music. We are fortunate in Ireland to have a very rich tradition of instrumental music.




It is a most enjoyable pastime with much fun generated at the many sessions that take place, on a regular basis all over the country. Somebody once said music resembles poetry, -‘in each are numerous graces, which no methods teach and which a master hand alone can reach.’ Today the fiddle is one of the most popular instruments for playing traditional music in Ireland. Over the years we recall many famous fiddle players, such as Michael Coleman, Johnny Doherty, Padraig O’Keeffe, Sean Maguire, Denis Murphy, Seamus Connolly, Paddy Glackin, Martin Mulvihill and Johnny Donegan.




West Limerick has also produced many top class exponents of the fiddle and bow over the years, too numerous to mention here. An expression you often hear nowadays is ‘if the cap fits wear it.’ It was the name of a recording by fiddle player Kevin Bourke back in 1978. The expression brings to mind memories of the man with the cap in musical circles, in our locality Patneen Ahern, from the Glenagore/Knockfinisk border in the parish of Athea. He came from an area rich in music and he dedicated his long life to the promotion of fiddle playing.




Paddy Ahern from Glenagore was born in 1901 the eldest of five children. He had three brothers, Con Mick and Dan, and one sister Catherine, who died at a young age. His father was Patrick and his mother was Ann Madigan from Rooskagh. His grandmother was a woman by the name of Woulfe, from Athea, whose brother was a teacher there in times past. A very interesting link with his past relations was his great-grandmother, who was a woman by the name of Coll from Bruree. She was probably a relation of Eamon De Valera and they met up when Paddy’s great  grandfather was in service around that locality.




Paddy went to Carrigkerry National School where his teacher was Master Halpin and he was a keen scholar, being especially good at Maths. It was all walking in those days and the two miles plus journey was done morning and afternoon in all types of weather. When school days were completed along with his brothers and friends he entered service with farmers around the West Limerick area. His social life centred around the Village of Carrigkerry where his music was highly regarded and valued.




Paddy Inherited his music from the fine fiddle player ‘Jackson’ and he could trace back his relationship to the great man who was a legend at playing and composing music. Paddy’s ability to read and write music and to play the fiddle and tin whistle, helped him greatly to develop into a master musician and to be regarded as one of the best fiddle players of his generation. His collection of Irish traditional tunes was enormous, and many were from O’Neill’s Collection of music, which was the good musician’s bible at that time. He could play away all night without repeating a tune. In the early days of the century he was in his prime, playing for gambles, raffles, dances, weddings, socials and wren nights. His name was renowned not alone in Limerick but also in adjoining counties.




His distinctive style of music attracted a host of top class musicians who wanted to claim the honour of playing with the master of fiddle and bow. Down the years he taught many pupils the art of fiddle playing at his cottage overlooking Ahern’s Glen.  They included Sean Lynch, Glenagore, George Walker, Rooskagh, Tom Ahern, Knockfinisk and John and Mike O’Sullivan, Carrigkerry. They are now scattered to the four corners of the World and to Heaven above, but his music has been transferred and still lives on. His style of penning down a tune was unrivalled at the time considering that he had very poor eyesight. It is true to say that he kept the Céilí music going when it was not fashionable or rewarding and that he left a legacy of his music and good musicians after him to carry on the tradition.




Timmy Woulfe, from Athea (who has done great work teaching and collecting dances over the years), has great memories of Paddy which he shared with me at the time. Timmy recalled many visits to Ahern’s house in Glenagore over the years. Colm Danaher and he would attend music sessions there along with many others from the locality. A gentleman by the name of Lynch, who was a bank manager in Newcastle West, was amongst the callers. Paddy was regarded as an icon by the people, who came from far and wide to play with him and also to hear him display his great talent. Timmy said ‘He had a rake of music and tunes, which many others had never heard of and he was always on the lookout to collect more new tunes. Timmy recalled writing out Cooley’s Reel for Paddy on one occasion. A warm welcome awaited all who came to his house, and tea and refreshments were always served.




Paddy is still remembered by the older generation around Athea, twenty four years after his death. He would attend Irish Nights arranged by the local Comhaltas branch and other events around the Village. Timmy recalled a Radio recording that featured Paddy which was held in Kelly’s Hall and Mick Lynch’s Bar. Ciarán Mac Mathúna visited Kelly’s Hall to record material for his Radio programme ‘A Job of Journeywork.’ The Hall was packed and the noise levels high, making recording near impossible. The crowd went wild when Paddy commenced his performance, stamping their feet and urging him on. To help the recording Dinny Kelly, a player from Knocknaboul, shielded Paddy from the crowd by opening his overcoat wide and turning his back to the crowd.




In frustration Ciarán left by a side window for the sanctuary of the pub and the enjoyment of a few drinks. The late Seán




O’Ríada made a recording one fine summer’s day at Mick Lynch’s which Paddy attended. A famous fiddle player John Kelly from Carrigaholt in Clare took a shine to him and the two spent a lot of the day playing together. Timmy concluded by saying that Paddy Ahern and Con Greaney were the two outstanding talents that came from the locality. They were generous with their time and music and singing was their fulfilment in life. They were blessed with great talent, but both remained modest and unassuming and a credit to their parish.




Paddy Ahern was always referred to as Patneen or Padneen in local circles. He was humorous and full of wit and many stories were told about him over the years. One of his famous sayings was that he could play the fiddle as good as Geraldine O’Grady (the famous violin player) if only he had her fiddle. He was asked on one occasion if he could play a certain tune. His reply was swift saying if it was in the book he could play it. Paddy never married, similar to the great Sliabh Luachra fiddle player Pádraig O’Keeffe. The latter always called his fiddle, ‘the missus’ because he thought so much of it. It was much the same with Paddy as he was always minding his fiddle, and being very careful where he left it.




A couple of more stories that come to mind are as follows: – He was at a wren party on one occasion and enjoying himself to the full. It was to finish up at a certain hour of the morning to allow the owners of the house to tidy it up and to get a few hours sleep. The leader of the wren boy group had a job to get Paddy out, but after some persuasion he got him out and pointed him in the direction of his home which was only a short distance away. When the leader had the house sorted out and all things put back in place he also headed for home. He received a big surprise when he lifted the latch and walked into his own kitchen, to see Paddy sitting on his armchair and fast asleep in front of the open fire.




On another occasion Paddy was in Stack’s Bar, Carrigkerry after collecting his pension. He was playing a few tunes for those present when one person asked for a loan of his fiddle. He played a few tunes and was inclined to boast of his ability as he handed back the fiddle. Paddy and a few others were discussing the merit of his playing a while later. Paddy’ sight was failing badly at this time and he turned to the person next to him, unaware that it was the fiddle player. ‘Take no notice of that family’ said Paddy ‘they are only a crowd of blow holes.’




My own memories of Paddy are mainly from the 1960s and the wren parties he attended at Kennelly’s house in Glensharrold. He was in advancing years at the time, but he was still very much sought after for his expertise on the fiddle. A driver was always sent for him, as he had no means of transport. He would sit near the fire and play away to his heart’s content. The slant of his cap and the head shaking as his foot kept time are visions I still retain after close on fifty years. He would keep the floor going for long periods, with rousing polka sets, siege of Ennis, foxtrots, and waltzes.




His only reward would be a few pints of porter and plenty of food to eat. Paddy had a habit of falling asleep and when he awoke rested would play on with renewed vigour. At one party the dancing continued late into the following morning until Paddy fell asleep. As he awoke from his slumber, he came out to the back yard to answer a call of nature. Rubbing his eyes that January evening as the dusk was falling, he looked to the sky and declared. ‘It’s a grand morning thank God; it’s breaking fine and clear.’




Paddy Ahern died in the Regional Hospital Limerick on Saturday 26th November 1988 aged 87 years. His remains were removed to Athea Church, and the burial took place in the family grave in Holy Cross Cemetery on the Monday. Musicians provided a guard of honour and traditional music was played at the graveside. It was one of the first times music was played there, and that would have made Paddy really proud.




Now close on a quarter of a century later it would be nice to see his memory recorded in some way in the parish. A memorial could be erected, or a music competition held annually to commemorate his name. A true son of Ireland, he deserves continued recognition for keeping the music alive, and teaching others to preserve our great musical heritage. I dedicate the following lines in his honour.




In Carrigkerry so fair, his music filled the air from June to May, through night and day,




Much music he taught, to all who were brought, and the tunes they sought, sure they were taught for naught,




He travelled the west, and played with the best, with fiddle and bow, he was always on the go,




His mind was at ease, from Glenagore’s heather breeze, with the jigs and the reels; sure, the music filled his needs,




Paddy is now at eternal rest, under a headstone three miles west, he should be forever blessed, as he was simply the best.










Foynes Flying Boat Museum


Sharing from our archives - December 2nd 1935


The background to Foynes: In 1935 the Irish government began to see the very important role that the country would play in the development of transatlantic air services. In December that year, a three man group of government members attended the Ottawa Conference. At this, the British, Newfoundland and Canadian governments agreed to co-operate in the development of transatlantic air services. A route was decided that would fly between Ireland and Newfoundland and a target date of 1938 was set for its start. Following this conference, the Irish delegation traveled to the USA and signed a similar agreement with the US government.


Sharing from our archives - December 2nd, 1935 r part of the development plans which included the construction of a flying boat base. In an effort to choose a suitable place, a six-man group from Ireland and England toured the coast looking for a suitable location on the west coast for the base. It was finally decided to build facilities in the Shannon Estuary at Foynes. This location was chosen because the area was very flat and provided a good location for a normal airfield also. This airfield was to become Rinneanna airfield and is the present day Shannon International Airport




Old Site local history


















Observer 1915












Note on Ballyhennessy House




In 1830, Ballyhennessy, containing about 150 plantation acres, was part of the estate of Mrs B Harenc.  Ballyhennessy House, with 40 to 60 acres, was advertised for lease, proposals to Stephen Edward Collis Esq, Listowel.  It had been in possession of Ferdinand Lyne (or Lynne). 




In 1822, Ferdinand Lyne and two of his nephews, Lieut Supple and his brother, beat off a party of Whiteboys who attacked Ballyhennessy House for arms.  The following may assist with Lyne ancestry.  In 1965, Rev Brother Amedy Lyne of the De La Salle Order was being held by Communists in Burma and sought help in seeking details of his Kerry ancestry to enable him to leave the country.  His address there was c/o Arthur Lyne, 10 Myaunggyl Road, Yeggaw, Rangoon, Burma.  He wrote to Kilflynn-born Rev Brother Pius Kelly in Hong Kong for help, who in turn forwarded his letter to his brother Michael Kelly in Kilflynn, with a covering note which stated, ‘You know that all our schools have been taken from us.  We can teach there no more.  Just think of it.  The work of 105 years gone, or so it seems’.  Rev Bro Amedy wrote: ‘This is your old blind friend writing to you from far-off Burma.  I am sure you are keeping fit and fine. I am also keeping fine with the only drawback that my eye is getting dimmer.  The object of my letter is to ask of you a big favour which I think is going to give you a bit of a headache.  I am trying to trace the particulars of grandparents and parents.  My grandfather, Ferdinand Lyne, hailed from Listowel. He enlisted in Cork on July 27 1849.  He was aged 20.  He embarked for Madras in the ship Castle Eden in 1850.  He was a Gunner in the 2nd British Madras Artillery.  He volunteered for General Service in 1861 and made QMS in 1862.  As far as I know he had two sons, Edward and Daniel Lyne, although it is possible that he may have had more children as I am not very sure.  Could you write and find out if there is anybody who could throw some light about my grandfather? … Here are some details of my uncle, Edward Lyne … He was born on October 2 1863.  He was baptised on December 13 1863 by Rev Father P Doyle.  At the time his parents (my grandparents) were living at Cuddapah, Madras … Daniel Lyne, who is my father, settled down here in Burma.  But I do not know where he was born and baptised.’  Rev Brother James Amedy Lyne appears to have died at Myanmar in 1985.




In 1906, the house was in possession of Mary Wilhelmina Eagar when she sold her interest in it.  Timothy O’Carroll appears next in possession when in 1925, he instructed the auction of the house and farm, vested in the Irish Land Commission, as he then intended to reside at his former residence in Pallas.  The property was described as a substantially built residence of two storeys, with sitting room, kitchen, six bedrooms and storeroom.  There was a stall for 25 cows, stable for 3 horses, 3 piggeries, large calf-house, 2 fowl houses, cart house, turf shed, boiler house, etc.




In 1927, bailiffs seized six greyhounds for rates at Ballyhennessy.








 Tom Lynch dabbled in a bit of poetry from time to time but from whom he inherited the gift he could not say. He couldn’t recall there being any poets or sages in the Lynch family. One of his poems that springs to mind was one he wrote in the early 1980’s known as ‘Modern Progress’ It was around the beginning of the computer era and it went as follows –




I dream of the days and old-fashioned ways




Before life got confused with inventions


That has addled our brains, brought stresses and strains




And left us with headaches and tensions.




To move with the times is called progress alines




Where life’s a continual rat race




To reach for the stars after stopping in Mars




If ever they jet us to that place.




But that as it may but I’ll venture to say




That predictions too often come true




And before very long unless science is proved wrong




There’ll be nothing for man left to do




Take the silicon chip with a built-in horse whip




To make robots perform just like men




Who will work night and day without overtime pay




And wont stroke over tea-breaks at ten.




They can wire TV sets and put engines in jets




They can make the spare parts for our trains




And they never get tired for their bodies are wired




To a mass of mechanical brains.




I have no crystal ball to tell what may befall




In the forthcoming decade or two




But computerised schemes will put paid to our dreams




Of a future with skies over blue.




Now heaven forbid but I’ll bet you a quid




Or a dime to a fistful of dollars




That the whole human race will be launched into space




Lest we stop teaching science to our scholars.




In a less sombre view let me add a refrain




To this preview that’s only hear-say




For no matter how great are the threats to our fate




Where there’s a will there’s always a way.




When the oil wells run dry don’t sit down and cry




Just because you can’t drive your new rover




Get a good lively ass that will take you to Mass




And your problems of travel are over.














The following is my tribute to the aforementioned Micheal, 217 yrs after his death -:


The Bard Of Carrignavar.




Micheal O Longain was his name Ballydonoghue was his home,




As a poet and ‘script collector ‘round Munster he did roam.




With the passing of the Penal Laws from the Knight he hath to flee,




To the capital town of Munster, Cork city by the Lee.




As a famous Irish scholar he was known both far and near,




From Bandon by the Atlantic to the Shannon by Glin pier.




Two brothers and a sister he left behind that day




And the ‘Castle’s rich green meadows where he oft times saved the hay.




To his new home near Cork city where each day he toiled with pride,




Then fell in love with a local lass that soon would be his bride.




A famous son soon to be born thus preserving the Irish brogue




The darling son of Micheal, the famous Micheal Og.




By the ways of the Lord, we must abide, hence the end was drawing nigh




And he soon would be departing to that land beyond the sky.




As we gaze upon the Heaven’s seeking out the falling star,




Let’s say a prayer for Michael, the Bard of Carrignavar.




George Langan,




November 21st 1987.








John Langan (2) Knockanure.


John Langan was born in the parish of Knockanure, Co. Kerry in the year 1856. It is feasible that John was either the grandson or grandnephew of Tom Langan (1), more than likely the latter as Tom’s son Patrick was born in 1841 and it is unlikely that he, Patrick would have been married and have a son by the age of fifteen. John joined the British Army’s 67th Brigade of The Leinster Regiment on October 26th 1880. His description on enlistment as follows:




Age Apparently – 24yrs.




Height – 5ft- ¾ inches.




Chest Measurement – 36 ½ inches.




Complection – Fresh.




Eyes – Blue.




Hair – Brown.




Religious Denomination – Roman Catholic.




Distinctive Marks – Old wound between elbow and shoulder.




His Trade or Calling given as a Labourer.




Military History Sheet.




Service at Home and Abroad.




Country – Home. From 21-10-1880 to 10-12-1882 – 2yrs-51days. Country – India. From 11-12-1882 to 15-03-1889 – 7yrs-93days. Country    ====. 16-03-1890 to 24-04-1890 – 40 days. Country – Home.25-04-1890 to 20-10-1892 – 2yrs-179days. Discharged on 20-10-1892 on termination of first period of limited engagement. Enlisted for a second period of duty for 4 yrs from 21-10 1892. At Birr, Co. Offaly Discharged on 20-10-1896 on termination of his engagement.




Next of kin given as follows:




Mother – Ellen Langan, Knockanure. (Could be sister-in-law to Maurice Langan, my greatgreatgrandfather)


Brothers – Thomas and Patrick, Knockanure. (Could be nephews of Maurice Langan, my greatgreatgrandfather.) It would appear that John spent the greater part of his life in the British Army. On September 4th 1914, at Cork, he enlisted with the Special Reservists under the term of ‘one year unless War lasts longer in which case you will be retained until War is over’, for which he was. On enlisting, for some reason or other, he gave his age as 40 years when in fact he was 58yrs of age. He gave his trade or calling as a Clark. He was passed fit to join the Leinster Regiment on said date. This latest term of duty would appear not to have run that smooth as can be seen from the following: 11-12-1915 – Went A.W.O.L. – 14 days F.P. No 2 by Co for absence. Forfeits 8 days pay for absence. 29-12-1916 – Deserted. 13-02-1917 – Rejoined. In arrest awaiting trial. Tried by Court Martial for desertion. 18-02-1917 – Found not guilty of desertion but guilty of absence without leave. (56 days detention) 26-03-1917 – Released from detention. Special remission by G.O.C. of 20 days. 15-05-1917 – Awarded 28 days detention by C.O. for absence. Forfeits 17 days pay. 11-06-1917 – Transferred to the Royal Munster Fusiliers. 26-11-1918 – Transferred to Res. E. Co. 26-06-1919 – Transferred to the Dorset Regt Discharged from the army December 14th 1919 and retired to the Soldiers Home, King St. Cork. Next of kin given as Ellen Langan, Knockanure. No mention of his brothers Thomas or Patrick. From ‘Missing Friends’ we find an advert in the Boston Globe newspaper looking for a John Langan by his brother Thomas, home address given as Knockanure.










Hotel, Bantry. Famous Visitors to Vickery’s Hotel.




11 Friday Sep 2020




Posted by durrushistory in Uncategorized           








From Hazel Vickery who donated Vickery papers UCC, Boole Library:








In 1912, Willie’s cousins, Herbert & Tommie Vickery, sons of George J. Vickery, of Vickery’s Hardware Shop,opened a motor repair garage behind the hotel. As they were Ford dealers, they needed a showroom on the street. This was in the new hotel building between the front door and the archway, with petrol pumps on the footpath. The hotel was used by the Cork Ford Company for regional meetings and Henry Ford, his wife Clara and daughter stayed in the hotel on the night of the 10th August 1912.




Corktown, Detroit, Michigan being Revitalised by Henry Ford The Third.








Henry Ford, Madame, Ballinascarthy, West Cork and the Uilleann Pipes








Famous Visitors to the Hotel:






Noel O’Sullivan a porter in 1940 wrote that he remembered opening the door for the then, Taoiseach, Eamon de Valera; General Tom Barry; Dan Breen, Eoin O’Neill, Dr Noel Browne, the singer Delia Murphy and actresses


Kathleen Ryan and Hermione Badderly. In 1961, during the making of the film “I Thank a Fool” on the Mizen Head Peter Finch stayed with his wife Yolande. Susan Hayward and Diane Cliento who were starring in the same film were regular clients for meals at that time. Trevor Howard, Cyril Cusack and Geraldine Plunkett (Glenroe) visited when making a film in Baltimore. Trevor was so pleased with one of the photos of him taken by Ian that he ordered 100 copies to use as a publicity photograph. Maureen O’Hara and her husband Charles Blair stayed when looking for property in the area which they eventually found in Glengarriff. She became a regular client as was Christy Moore when he had a house in Durrus – much to excitement of the staff. Before the private sitting-room/guest lounge became


the dining room I have fond memories of great sing-songs with various friends and guests playing the baby grand piano which had come from Elsie and Ian’s home in Reenmeen, Glengarriff after it was sold. Pianists included Donal Crosbie of the Cork Examiner family, Joe Lynch (Dinny in Glenroe), Maureen Potter and Jimmy O’Dea who stayed when they were staging their revues in the Parochial Hall. Later the old bar became the venue for the Young Musicians’ Platform during the West Cork Chamber Music Festival until they outgrew the room.




The Finucane family had a proud history of participation in British conflicts. The hero’s grandfather had fought in the British Army in World War I while, in a different twist, his father. Andy, had been an active member of the Old IRA, fighting against the Black and Tans in the Irish War of Independence








WAR Independence


RIC Barracks Hugginstown Kilkenny Attacked by IRA, Constable Thomas Ryan killed. 08.March.1920 On 8 March 1920, the peaceful village of Hugginstown in County Kilkenny was shook when the IRA mounted a daring attack on the RIC barracks. One of the police in the barracks on that occasion, Constable Thomas Ryan was fatally wounded during the night. Although IRA attacks on the police barracks were by March 1920 commonplace, it appears that this attack took them by surprise. The police were startled at 11.30pm by the noise of gunfire and bombs thrown at the building. Constable Ryan rushed downstairs shouting at his colleagues ‘come on boys, we're under attack’. Constables Tighe and Conroy fired from the day room while Ryan raced upstairs with a box of bombs. The IRA then spotting Ryan in the upstairs room managed to throw a bomb of their own into the room. A few moments later the police heard Ryan moaning and crying stating that he was dying. Coming downstairs he was bleeding profusely and his arm had been completely shattered by the blast. His last words to his comrades were: ‘I am done. They got me through the window’. The Irish Bulletin (1918-1921), March, 1920, reported that on the 10th police and army raided 200 houses in Hugginstown, https://bit.ly/2TOqp5X #history #archive




#OTD 100 Police Barracks Burned 04.April.1920 April 1920 started with the largest scale IRA activity to date in the War of Independence with the systematic targeting of abandoned RIC barracks and other buildings. It was a month during which the issue of Irish independence would be brought to an international audience, while it continued to be time of terror in Ireland. The RIC remained the open target of the IRA, but on a number of occasions in April the RIC would claim victory. Elsewhere, land related issues continued to flare as anarchy set in across the country. In what was a perfectly executed plan, involving IRA units all across the country, the IRA burned over 100 abandoned RIC barracks in rural areas and almost 100 income tax offices. The Evening Herald newspaper estimated that large parties of men must have been involved in this well coordinated plan across the country. ***Read more & Download Source**** Evening Herald, 5 April 1920, page 1 ; See also Kerryman, 10 April 1920, page 1 https://bit.ly/2X4ONDz #history #library #irishhistory #librarians #archives






#OTD 05.April.1920 100 Prisoners Hunger Strike In early April 1920 IRA prisoners, some held with a charge for over six weeks, began to formulate a plan to carry out a hunger strike in Mountjoy Prison, Dublin where they demanded prisoner of war status. ‘Great excitement’ reigned in Dublin on Monday night 5 April when it was learned that the hunger strike had commenced. The previous Thursday the prisoners, all held in one wing started to destroy all the furniture and fittings in the cells, and in a number of instances, the walls of cells were broken allowing prisoners to mix together. In total about 100 prisoners held under the Defence of the Realm Act commenced a hunger strike, refusing food. Crowds of sympathisers have gathered outside the prison and have started to sing songs in an effort to help the prisoners during their hunger strike The hunger strike would last for two weeks as the crowds began to mass in huge numbers outside the prison. Led by members of Cummann a Mban an estimated crowd of 20,000 people gathered. A general labour strike commenced across the country before the British government were forced to back down and released the hunger strikers. Source: Irish Examiner, 7 April 1920; https://bit.ly/2V4drS3 #history #irish #library #librarian


 Fri, Mar 6, 2020, Maureen Kennelly has been announced as director of the Arts Council. Currently director of Poetry Ireland




Originally from Ballylongford in Co Kerry, prior to Poetry Ireland, Kennelly’s wide experience included curator with the Mountains to Sea DLR Book Festival; programme director of the Cuirt International Festival of Literature, Galway; curator of the All Ireland Performing Arts Conferences in Belfast and in Derry; director of Kilkenny Arts Festival; and artistic director of the Mermaid Arts Centre, Bray. She has also worked with Fishamble New Writing Theatre Company, Druid Theatre Company, and with the Arts Council. In March 2011, she was creative producer of DublinSwell, staged at the Convention Centre, Dublin as the first major celebration of the Unesco City of Literature designation. She has also worked extensively as an arts consultant and producer.






Sophie Peirce-Evans


Better known by her second married name, Lady Mary Heath, Sophie rose to fame as Ireland’s Amelia Earhart when she completed the first flight from Cape Town to London in her small open-cockpit plane. The journey was a harrowing one that took her five months to complete. Yet this was not Sophie’s first taste of fame.












Earlier Epidemics


Before the advent of modern medicine, the influenza epidemic of 1918-1919 was the last known deadly pandemic on a global scale. An estimated 50 million people died of the Spanish Flu, 675,000 of whom were in the United States.




In Philadelphia, one of the hardest-hit cities, the Church offered buildings as temporary hospitals, and priests and especially religious sisters played an indispensable and heroic role in fighting the flu, bringing patients the Blessed Sacrament and caring for patients, according to the Catholic Historical Research Center of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.






The Influenza pandemic of 1918-1919, also known as the Spanish Flu, is considered one of the worst epidemics in history.


Throughout the course of the flu, over 2,000 nuns, about two-thirds of all sisters in the archdiocese, helped care for the sick, functioning mainly as nurses in hospitals across the city.[6] The Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for instance were sent to the Municipal Hospital as well as acted as private nurses, going door to door in poor neighborhoods to find and care for the sick. The sisters who taught as St. Peters Claver’s School helped turn the building into an emergency hospital and served as nurses for the close to 50 patients who would be treated in the building.[7] The Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis also were deeply involved in the fight against the flu as the sisters ran three hospitals, St. Agnes, St. Mary, and St. Joseph, which together saw over 1,300 patients.[8] Other religious orders that sent nurses to various hospitals across the city included Sisters of the Holy Child Jesus, Sisters of the Immaculate Heart, Sisters of Saint Joseph,














Evaluating Educational Interventions


Neuroimaging also may help us discern the precise instructional elements that work best for teaching students with dyslexia how to read, write, and spell.










Video link






Rambling House Knockanure March 2020a


1921 Treaty Ireland

And now by that Treaty I am going to stand, and every man with a scrap of honour who signed it is going to stand. It is for the Irish people—who are our masters (hear, hear), not our servants as some think—it is for the Irish people to say whether it is good enough. I hold that it is, and I hold that the Irish people—that 95 per cent of them believe it to be good enough. We are here, not as the dictators of the Irish people, but as the representatives of the Irish people, and if we misrepresent the Irish people, then the moral authority of Dáil Éireann, the strength behind it, and the fact that Dáil Éireann spoke the voice of the Irish people, is gone, and gone for ever…


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    Newtownsandes, Kerry abt year






    UK, Royal Hospital Chelsea Pensioner Soldier Service Records, 1760-1920


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The Queen has sent the following message to The President of the United States of America and to the people of America following the death of President George H W Bush.


“It was with sadness that I learned of the death of President George H W Bush last night,” Her Majesty said.


President Bush was a great friend and ally of the United Kingdom. He was also a patriot, serving his country with honour and distinction in Office and during the Second World War.


Prince Philip and I remember our days in Texas in 1991 with great fondness.


My thoughts and prayers are with President Bush’s family and the American people.”


Read in the message here: https://bit.ly/2zyJBve


Congratulations and best wishes for the future to Nora Ambrose, Dunganville, who celebrated her 90th birthday with family and friends at the Ballintemple Inn, Newcastle West on Sunday, September 9. 2018, She attended and enjoyed the Ardagh Chalice Festival last weekend.


From Tom Ahern Sept 2018; The Ardagh Chalice 150 festival commenced on Friday night last (which was Culture Night) with a parade from Rearasta Fort led by the Fenian Pike men and bodhrán players to St Molua’s Church.  Fr Michael Noonan concelebrated Mass and the six parish quilts were blessed. Minister of State for Finance Patrick O’Donovan performed the official opening which was followed by a History Seminar and an Address by Sean Kelly M.E.P. The Hunt Museum Ardagh Chalice Replica, Sam Maguire Cup, and numerous other replica chalices were all present and greatly admired and photographed.  The events on Saturday featured GAA Blitz, genealogy workshop, busking, Rearasta Fort walk and talk, Comhaltas performance, Art Prize presentation and GAA talks. The festival continues this weekend and to keep informed people can source news on the following sites: www.stkieransheritage.ie https://twitter.com/StKierans


A Free State Army report of 21 January 1923 states, “with depleted numbers, lack of resources and unified control and almost complete ineffectiveness from a military standpoint, their [Anti-Treaty IRA] policy of military action is slowly changing to one of sheer destruction and obstruction of the civil government.”






In studying Irish history I am forcibly struck by the number of people born into the Protestant or Dissenter tradition who became involved in the campaign for Irish independence, many in leadership positions. By Willie Methven.





The Irish Palatine Association Ltd.,


Old Railway Buildings, Rathkeale,


Co. Limerick, Ireland.


Tel. +353 (0)69 63511


e-mail: info@irishpalatines.org




In 1709 several hundred families of German


origin settled in Ireland. Known as the


Palatines, they established roots mainly in


Counties Limerick, Kerry, Tipperary and


Wexford.  From there they emigrated to many


parts of the English-speaking world including


Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand


and the United States of America.








Getting back to her death certificate, it states that she was 79 years old, making her year of birth around 1836. Her father is given as Martin Flanagan. She was born in County Clare, Ireland. She spent 6 years in Victoria before leaving for New Zealand. After returning to Australia, she spent 32 years in NSW, putting their arrival in NSW around 1879. Age at first marriage is unknown and his name is given as __Flanagan. Age at second marriage was 26. Spouse: John Johnston.  These details conflict a little with her marriage certificate, which said she as 23, making her date of birth closer to 1841.




Of Irish Interest.






The Sacred Heart Review, Volume 29, Number 22, 30 May 1903






Mr. Edward F. McSweeney's address on the Irish element in our population, before the Charitable Irish Society, last week, was not of the kind which we usually hear at St. Patrick's Day banquets and other occasions sacred to fiery oratory and race-glorification. It was, on the contrary, a thoughtful, well-prepared presentation of the position which the Irish have attained in American life, and contained striking arguments to prove that people of Irish blood must not, unless they wish to deteriorate, be content to rest on the laurels of their fathers. The following passages from Mr. McSweeney's address are well worthy of serious consideration: — The Irish-American can not ape Americanism; he must be content to be what he is, a member of a cleanblooded race, witlt honorable traditions and a magnificent history, if he wants to amount to anything. If he must set up some American for a model, let him try and live up to men of whom not only America, but the world, is proud. Loyalty to the government of the republic, fidelity to its political system and polity and a willingness at all times to preserve its integrity and defend its gooil name, are the tliin_s the United Stales requires from its citizens. The man who strives to make an Irishman into a Yankee, or a Yankee into an Irishman, spoils two fine types of humankind, and injures the republic




The Sacred Heart Review, Volume 28, Number 6, 9 August 1902






A resolution has been proposed and adopted without opposition in the Prussian Diet, requesting the ministry to prepare a bill to impose more rigid restrictions on the liquor traffic, says the Philadelphia Record. Count Douglas asserted that the Germans spend :!,0 ,0,000,000 marks ($750,000,000) a' year in drink; twice the amount of the combined army and navy budgets. One-third of the inmates of insane asylums in Germany are victims of intemperance, eighty per cent, of the idiots are the offspring of intemperate parents, and the number of persons convicted of crimes has increased from 299,249 in 1882 to 478,139 in 1899. -- i m The Irish magistrates seem to be waking up to a sense of their duty in the matter of license-granting. There is, at present, as we have before stated in these columns, a bill before the House of Lords which, if passed, will put an end to the promiscuous granting of licenses to




sell liquor in Ireland. Meanwhile we note that the deputy-lieutenants and magistrates of Kerry have met and passed the following resolution :— " That we approve of the bill now before the House of Lords putting a stay to the issue of new licenses, and for other purposes, and recommend that during the interval before it becomes law its enactments be taken as binding."