North Cork Creameries wins Overall National Gold Award for Butter




By on 29th October, 2019Comments Off on North Cork Creameries wins Overall National Gold Award for Butter




29 October 2019- By Elaine Murphy-




North Cork Butter announced as Ireland’s Gold Q Winner across 105 food and drink categories




North Cork Creameries has won the overall national Gold Q Award, at the Irish Quality Food Awards, for butter which the co-operative makes using milk supplied by local dairy farmers throughout the north Cork and north Kerry regions.




More Newspapers



Athea Notes Kerryman 20 2 1987 page 34.

Best wishes to Knockanure who beat Brosna by one point in the NKL last Sunday. Also mentioned the arrival of free  milk from  the EEC last Thursday, it was distributed by the SVP Society.


Kerryman 1904-current, Friday, February 14, 1997; Page: 43

Moyvane / Knockanure Notes

OUR Primary School basketball, teams were very successful, in the annual Duagh blitz, which was held in the Listowel Sports Centre. Our senior team went through their competition 'undefeated with wins over Dromclough, Ballybunion, Moyderwell (Tralee) and '_Naomh Laichtin and our junior team reached the final of their competition which 'they lost to Dromclough. '

 It was a great day for Moyvane team, captain,,, Suzanne Keane was presented with the Mary O'Carroll Memorial, Trophy by Lenamore's  Irish international player, Ciara 'Neville.

 Moyvane senior: Suzanne Keane, Caroline Hanrahan, Aine Hanrahan, Deborah O'Flaherty, Deirdre Moloney,  Karrie Fitzmaurice, Valerie Brosnan, Martina Sweeney, Rebecca Kiely, Michelle Lynch. '


Moyvane Junior: Lisa Healy, Maria Vaughan, 'Catherine Vaughan, Margaret Foley , Tara, Mulvihill, Aisling Fitzmaurice,, Regina, Galvin, Bridle Hanrahan, Olivia Hanrahan, Selina Mulvihill, Aobhlinn O'Connor, Michelle 'O'Connell, Maggie Lynch. - C o a c h e s : Leona Fitzmaurice and  Aoife Keane.


MOYVANE GAA: Our juniors were defeated by Finuge on, Sunday in the final, of the North Kerry 'League. Finuge backboned by five of their senior championship team were much sharper and fitter and their f o r w a, r d s, particularly corner-forward and Man of the Match in, the senior championship final Paul Galvin were very capable of taking their scores. ' Moyvane tried their 'best but ¦ in, fairness were outclassed. Final score: Finuge 2-14, Moyvane 2-5.

CONGRATULATIONS to our solo singer Elaine Foley and to our group singers Julie Mulvihill, Josephine Moloney, Karen Carmody and Niamh and, Ciara Moloney, who won on 'Friday night in Siamsa Tire in Tralee for the Minister finals which will be held on March 1.1997





Kerryman 1904-current, Friday, February 14, 1997; Page: 43

OPENING Sunday May 25 1997 will, be a big day in local Walsh, Memorial Park in Asdee . Clare will provide the opposition to the Kerry seniors, one of the many events to take place on the day.


Kerryman 1904-current, Friday, February 14, 1997; Page: 43

RUGBY: Abbeyfeale were beaten 28-12 by Castleisland, in the final of the 1,996 McElligott.

Liam Quirke kicked four penalties, for Abbeyfeale.

Team: Kevin, Prendeviile, Redmond Qigley, Packy O'Connor, Murty Aherne, Ted Cronin, Liam Quirke (Capt), Jimmy Lane, Dominic Moloney, Seanie Naughton, Paul S h a n a h a n, D e cl a n Smith, Bill Stack, Ivor Browne, Liam Hartnett. Sub James McCarthy.


Abbeyfeale under IS drew 2)0 points all with Clonmel. Paul, Collins scored, two tries for Abbeyfeale and there were tries also by Mike Murphy and Noel Lane. Team: Noel Downey, Andrew Scanneil, T J Riordan.. Mike Murphy, Davy Curt in, Noel Lane, Paul McCarthy, Ronan O'Rourke, Morgan M c M a h o n, P a ul Collins, Bobby McCarthy,, Michael Scannell, Denis McAuIiffe, Eamon Cabill, Dan Smith.



Kerryman 1904-current, Friday, February 14, 1997; Page: 43

DEATHS: The death occurred, of Fr Jerry Downey, New Street. Sympathy is extended to his bereaved sister Hannah Mai, nephew Dei-mot, niece Breda and all his relatives and friends.

DEATH The entire community of Ballydonoghue  were shocked when they heard of the news that Diaimuid 0 Cathain passed away.  Diarmuid was widely known in the area through Comhaltas and his love for all thing It Irish.

Death of Maud Collins nee Walsh of Ballydonoghue, her husband Denis died in Sept. 1995


New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXXIII, Issue 39, 28 September 1905, Page 9


KERRY— A Centenarian John Curtin, whose age exceeded 100 years, has just died at Brosna, County Kerry. He maintained remarkable vigour up to the last, and was never troubled with serious illness. His reminiscences of the terrible days of '47 were always listened to with profound interest.

LIMERICK— Evicted Tenant Reinstated Mr. James Dore, evicted tenant, Carrandeela, near Rathkeale, on Lord Southwell's property, has received, through the Very Rev. Dr. O'Donnell, P.P., V.G., the documents entitling him to restoration to his old homestead, after being out for eight years Dr. O'Donnell took a great interest in the family, and is largely responsible for their reinstatement.

Sad Drowning" Fatality The Rev. John Conway, Shanagolden, was drowned whilst! 'bathing at Ballybunion, County Kerry, on August 3. 1905, The interment took place at Mount St. Laurence Cemetery, after a requiem service in St. John's Cathedral. The Bishop, Most Rev. Dr. O Dwyer, officiated, and there was a large attendance of priests. The; Rev. P. Conway, London, was one of the chief mourners


New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXXV, Issue 52, 26 December 1907, Page 27


Centenarians According to the annual report of the Local Government for Ireland, just issued, there were' twenty- one -centenarians who died in various work houses in Ireland 'during the year ending March, 1907. Of these twenty-one fifteen were women, three of whom reached the ripe ages of 109, 107 and 105 respectively.


The Irish Nationalist Funds A great "Irish meeting was held, at Boston, -U.S.A., on October 28, under the auspices of the United Irish League. Archbishop William O'Connell, the new Archbishop of Boston, made his first public appearance since his elevation to the See, and a letter was read 'from Archbishop Ryan, of Philadelphia. An additional sum of ten thousand' dollars promised to the Irish Nationalist Funds.





New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXXI, Issue 29, 16 July 1903, Page 9


GENERAL Expected Loss New Ireland makes the announcement that Maynooth College, the great seminary of the Irish priesthood will lose over £3000 a year as a result of the redemption of Irish land mortgages under the Land Bill, and Trinity College, Dublin, will lose about £7000 a year.


End of the Struggle Mr J E Redmond, M.P., speaking at Burnley (England) last week, declared that the end of the struggle for Irish rights had fairly arrived. He advised Irish voters in Britain not to pledge themselves upon the fiscal question, but to await the word of command as in 1885. He would not vote on the merits of the fiscal issue, except in the way that would best serve the Irish cause. The Nationalist party were bound to pursue a selfish policy if they wished to see Ireland successful.




New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXXIII, Issue 24, 15 June 1905, Page 9


CORK— A Loss to Education The death of Rev. Brother Shine, Superior-General of the Presentation Brothers, took place on Thursday, April 20,1905 at Cork. Deceased was a man of rare ability, which he devoted ungrudgingly to the cause of education, with splendid results. The Most Rev. Dr. O'Callaghan, Bishop of the diocese, presided at the funeral obsequies.




The Limerick Chronicle, 12 March 1770


Doctor Mathew O'Brien, cautions those who want servants, from hiring Ellen Dwyer, and Michael Conway, who were turned out of his service about the 17th of last December without discharges, for being strongly suspected to be the persons who opened Mr. Glenville's desk and taken there from 14l. in gold and there was a 40s piece in the money that was stolen.




NZ Tablet April 1896

PEACEFUL KERRY.— At the Killarney Quarter Sessions, Judge Shaw was presented with white gloves for tbe jfourth time within the past few yearß. Still the number of extra police in the district has not been reduced.

A GRUESOME FIND. While some prisoners were quarrying in a field at the back of Tralee gaol, on January 10, they dug up two skeletons.

MORE EVICTIONS.— Notices of impending evictions at the suit of AiLbur Blennert aesett, of Tralee, against Margaret and Thomas Egar and Daniel Murpby, who live near Killorglin, have beun served.

FIRE AT LISTOWEL.— The steam mills with large stores and other offices connected therewith, at Listowei, owned by J. P. En* right, were burned to the ground.

The remains of Sir Maurice O'Oonnell, B«t, were brought to Cahirciveen from Beaufort House, Killarney, for interment in tbe family burial place. A large cortege followed tbe mournful proceision as far as Killorglin, by road, showing the great esteem in which the deceased was held.



New Zealand Tablet, Volume XIV, Issue 36, 31 December 1886, Page 19



Kerry; Two English barristers,who have been visiting North Kerry for the purpose ot studying the Land Question there, have started for Oahirciveen, in order to judge for themselves of the manner in which Trinity College treats its tenantry. At the Listowel Petty Sessions, Oct. 2. in a case in which objection was made to the renewal of a publican's license, on the ground that he had persistently refused to supply Mr. G. Sandes, the evicting landlord, with provisions, the magistrates, by two to three, decided to overrule the objection. On Sunday, Oct. 3, as two caretakers in charge of farms in the Castleisland district of Kerry were returning home, a number of men jumped over the fence from both sides of the road, and having taken their revolvers from them, disappeared as quickly as they had come.


Sr Magdalen of St John of God, Perth, 24th April 1896, her father died.



Cork, YET ANOTHER CENTENARIAN.— Mr Patrick Tobin, ex-national teacher, White, -ate, passed away a few days ago at the extraordinary age of 110 years. Born close to New Rubs, in the County of Wexf^rd, in tbe early eighties of the last century, he left his home at the age of sixteen for tbe purpose of si caring an educatio a difficult work at tbat period travelling from one country to another, now to a famous arithmetician, and again ti a science teacher, spending six months with each, and then away to a teacher of grammar, for in those days each had a speciality. Mr Tobm found bis way to Cork County, where he began to teach himself «i Gougane Barra, Rathcormic, Ballincolhg, V 'Ughal, Oioyne, and Carlisle, from which he removed to Ballyknock under the National Board, tben in its inception, receiving the munificent salary of £6 per annum. After some years his school was removed to Whitest?, where be labonred up to 1880, when be retired under the Pension Act, having served forty-five years, t-ince his retirement he lived in Whitfgate, enjoying the re9pect of all who knew bim, and was very frequently bantered by gray-headed men who were hiß pupils Bixty years ago. He was a short tima ill, and possessed bis mental faculties to tbe last, in fact, only a few weeks since he could read his newspaper



NZ Tablet July 1906

Return of Evictions A return of the evictions in Ireland for the quarter ending March 31 last shows that under Section 7 of the Land' Act of 1887 the number of tenants dispossessed of their holdings was 36. The numJber of tenancies determined by notice under Section 7 v for Ih<> same quarter was 566,, the number by provinces being— Ulster, 142 Leinster, 82 Connaught, 238 and Munster, 104.



New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXIV, Issue 17, 21 August 1896, Page 17


The news of the death of Jeremiah Enright, which took place at Nightcap 3on the 14th Aug 1896, was received with general regret in this district. The deceased, who was a comparatively young man, was born (writes an occasional correspondent) at Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland, and came to this Colony about twenty years ago. He resided for the last twelve or thirteen years in the Wrey'e Bush district, where he was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him He complained of a cold about ten days before his death, and, n )t withstanding all that medical skill and careful nursing could do, he succumbed to his illness on tbe 14th of August. His funeral *ns one of tte largest seen in iha district. He was buried in the Wrey’s Bush cemetery. The Very Rev Father, Walsh officiated at the grave.






Daily Southern Cross, 23 November 1874


6th Feb 1902



LIMERICK.— Over a century. The announcement of the death of the oldest man in County Limerick, Mr. James Howard, of Derrawlin Ballingarry, at the age of 108 years,' has been received all over the district with feelings of cegret. Up to only two years ago he was a constant spectator at the assembly of the County Hunt Club when" the members met at Garryfin fox covert, And participated m' the sport as actiely <is those who were not half his great age. Jn the autumn of 1899, being then 3 ott years old, he with his own hands cut down his field of corn



New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXX, Issue 6, 6 February 1902, Page 9


DONEGAL.— A brave doctor. The members of the medical profession in this country, and, in fact, all Irishmen, (writes a Dublin correspondent) may well feel proud of the late Dr, Smyth, of Burtonport, County Donegal, who died recently, and also to his predecessor, Dr. Sullivan, a son of Mr. T. D. Sullivan. Both gentlemen died martyrs to duty. Owing to the terror nspired by the typhus scourge, they found it impossible to obtain any lay assistance in the place. Day after day, in storm and calm, Dr. Smyth, unaided, rowed his own boat to Arranmore Island, some four miles distant. There he acted both as nurse and doctor to the afflicted people, who lived in hovels unfit for human beings. At length, seeing that their only hope of recovery lay in removal to the mainland, with the assistance of Dr. Brendan McCarthy, a son of the late Mr. Denis Florence McCarthy, he brought them to the boat and rowed them to the shore, where they are now on the road to recovery. Dr. Smyth caught the contagion, and died, leaving a widow and eight young children to mourn his loss. Dr. Sullivan acted a similarly noble part. When no aid could be had, with his own arms he lifted the poor patients from their miserable huts, placed them on his car and drove them to the hospital. He, too, paid the penalty of his unselfish devotion to duty with his young life. In this materialistic age such noble acts deserve wide publicity













New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXX, Issue 14, 3 April 1902, Page 9


KERRY; No Work for the Judge There is no county in Ireland where the Irish League has a (inner footing than in Kerry, yet there seems to be an almost total absence of crime there. At the Tralee Quarter Sessions Judge Shaw was presented with a pair of white gloves as there was no criminal business for disposal. The following interesting conversation took place on the occasion. His Honour— It is extremely satisfactory that I have no Court business in this county at all during these sessions either at Killarney or Listowel or here 1 don't know whether it is equally satisfactory to the members of the legal profession. Crown Solicitor It is, sir, to me, anyhow, very satisfactory. As your honour has got gloves at Killarney, Listowel, and Tralee, I was suggesting to the Sheriff that he should give you a pair for the county-at-large.


Ejectment Decrees. At Rathkeale Quarter Sessions recently close on 40 eviction decrees were- obtained against tenants on the Ellis estate. His Honour Judge Adams, after hearing the evidence, in giving a decree for a half-year's rent, delivered the following judgment I wish to say that this is the most painful case I was ever called upon to dispose of. Here is a number of tenants coming, into Court, apparently respectable men. What, may happen in this case God only knows, it may be the first act in another drama. I would earnestly ask both parties to try to come to terms. On one side is the agent, a descendent of a princely line, the noble and honoured Fitzgeralds and on the other is the patriotic pastor of Abbeyfeale, Father Casey. I hope a spirit of goodwill will prevail. This day's proceedings alone will cost from £250 to £300. I again appeal to both parties to come to fair terms, and I must say that the manner in which the tenants' cause was put forward by Mr. Leahy, as well as Mr. Blood-Smith for the landlord deserves credit.




West Coast Times , Issue 4654, 28 June 1884, Page 3


During a stormy passage in a small steamer on the New Zealand coast, I bad some interesting chats with an Irish gentleman who had met and talked with Sir Walter Scott in a chapel in Italy, during the closing scenes of that busy life. I may add that at Listowel, in Ontario, I was privileged to meet the brother of Dr Livingston, and was much struck with the facial resemblance between him and the great traveller.





Barrier Miner (Broken Hill, NSW : 1888 - 1954), Tuesday 18 November 1947, page 4


18 Nov 1947



Mr. Patrick O'Shea, 177 Chapple St.. died at the Hospital on Sunday night. Born at Knocknagoshel, County Kerry, Ireland, 78 years ago, lie came to Australia in 1924 and to Broken Hill the following yeal'. Commencing work on the mines, he later . worked for the Municipal Council, where he re- mained until retirement 10 years ago. He was a member of the Municipal Employees' Union.

He is survived by a widow, eight sons (Messrs. George, William, and John, all ol' England; Harry, Daniel. Patrick, James and Dereck, of Broken Hill) and three daughters (Mesdames J. McMahon, A. Parker and M. Peatz). Requiem Mass for the repose of his soul was celebrated at the Cathedral yesterday .


The Capricornian (Rockhampton, Qld : 1875 - 1929), Saturday 10 March 1888, page 11, 12


An extraordinary case of boycotting is re ported from county Kerry. Three months ago a man named Connor was postmaster for tbe Knocknagoshel district, and be was dismissed, aa he refused to relinquish the chairmanship of the local National League. A Mr. ConneU was then appointed in Connor's stead. Con nell was denounced by the National League for accepting the position ; but he held on, and became rather popular by giving liberal subscriptions to tbe various funds etarted for Government victims. A few days ago Conucll was requested by the Postmaster General to surrender the various documents connected with the post-office to Mr. Sullivan, national school teacher, who had been appointed postmaster in bis stead. The latter has been rigidly boycotted for some time for taking and holding an evicted farm. Since his appointment no letters have passed through the post office save those for tbe police magis trate and his friends. The boycotters have had their letters addressed to the neighbouring town of Abbeyfeale, and a postman has been elected, and is paid by the National League to go there every day and distribute them. The school of which Mr. Sullivan is teacher has been boycotted , and the parents af tlte few children who attend have also been boycotted.






A summons-borvor, named M'Noill, WOB fired at in tho Traleo district on Tuesday, ufter having served a summons for trespass on an evicted farm. One bullet passed his ear and a second near his leg. Two other shots wero fired at him. It is stated that M'Neill had been previously shot at lit Tralee.

Thoro was n disturbance at Galway on Mon- day night, when soldiers were attacked by a mob armed with sticks and stones. Ono soldier was struck on the hoad with a loaded whip, and others wore knocked down and kicked Thoy took refuge in shops and private houses, and but for the interference of the polico matters would have been serious. A Dublin correspondent states that tho rioting aroso through tho priests objecting to the youug girls in the town walking out with accompanied by a party of fifty or sixty y'ouug men, and when they found n young woman in company with a


accompanied by a party of fifty or sixty y'ouug men, and when they found n young woman in company with a soldier she was subjected to insult and abuso. Her hat or shawl or cloak was taken from her and con- veyed as trophies to the Collego-houao, tho residence of the priests. In many cases the girls were drugged or knocked about in a dis- graceful manner. On ono or two occasions the soldiers resented the treatment, and even used their belts ; but still the practice went on until this week, whe.i the garrison determined to tolerate the treatment they wero receiving no longer.

The Limerick Assizes wero brought to a sudden close on Wednesday. In con^equenco of the largo number of acquittals the authorities deemed the verdicts of tho jurors very unsatis- factory, and accordingly Mr. Laue, Q.C., representing the Crown, applied to Judge Johnstone for the adjournment of tho remaining coses for disposal to the next assizes. Tho Judgo acceded to tho application, and so busi- ness terminated rather unexpectedly.

A party of ruffians recently visited the house of a farmer in the neighbourhood of Killarney, whom they found with only his daughter in the house. The gill ching to her father to save him from violence, and was laid hold of by one of the miscreants, who grossly insulted her and endeavoured to drag her away. The old man indignantly resisted his con- duct; but another miscreant, drawing a revolver, presented it at the old man's head mid threatened to shoot him if ho interfered. The girl was then carried off and outraged, whilo her father was kept in terror of his lifo.

Another outrage is reported from New Pallas. A shed containing fifteen head of cattlo was set on fire ; nine of the poor beasts perished in the flames, and a tenth died later from its injuries. Their owner received severe burns in his efforts to save the animals. The house of a postmaster, named Heffernan, at Dromkeen, wa3 fired into on Saturday night, but no harm

was done to the inmates.

A band of armed and disguised Moonlighters visited the house of a farmer named Somers, near Listowel, on Sunday night. They demanded arms, and obtained a gun. Ono of the Moonlighters, when retreating, fired a Fhot through a bedroom door, behind which Mi«s Somers was standing. One slug lodged in her arm. Another attack by Moonlighters was made on a house at Fealo Bridge, North Kerry, on Sunday night; but as the men were entering the houso tho polico patrol carno upon the scene. The Moonlighters thereupon ran off, leaving two double-barrelledgunBbehind them.

Tho polico stationed nt Knocknagoshel, county Kerry, on returning to their barracks

at an early hour on Monday morning after seven hours'patrolling tho surrounding conutry, heard four shots fired in their neighbourhood. On inquiring into the cause thoy found that the houses of two farmers named Doro and Mangan had just boen forcibly entered by seven dis- guised men, armed with guns and revolvers. At both houses shots wera fired, ono of theso being discharged through a window of tho room in which Mungon's sorvant was sleeping, and a portion of the charge lodged in tho wall close to his head. Tho polico, on their way to the plaoe, arrested two brothers named Keane aud a mau named Sullivan. In Sulli- van's possession they found two largo re- volvers and somo ammunition. Tho prisoners wero brought beforo a magistrate ami





Cussen, Sir Leo Finn Bernard (1859–1933)

by Jenny Cook and B. Keon-Cohen

Sir Leo Finn Bernard Cussen (1859-1933), judge, was born on 29 November 1859 at Portland, Victoria, fourth surviving son of Maurice Cussen (d.1880) and his wife Margaret, née Finn. Maurice Cussen had been head tenant at Creveen House on the Rattoo estate in County Kerry, Ireland, before migrating to Sydney in 1841. He established himself as a grocer and provision dealer in Sydney and married in May 1850. In 1854 he joined his brother-in-law at Portland, Victoria, where he set up business as a grocer and general dealer. In 1860 the family moved to the near-by township of Merino.

Leo was educated at the local school and, after winning a scholarship, entered Hamilton College as a boarder in 1875. He became captain of the school next year, when he matriculated with credits in mathematics. In 1877 he entered the University of Melbourne, completing his certificate in civil engineering in 1879. Cussen played for the university football and cricket teams, and was awarded a full blue for cricket in 1879. He also played football for West Melbourne and took part in amateur athletics. On graduation he joined the Victorian Railways and after a year as a draftsman went into the field with assistant engineer W. Curtois. He worked on surveys of several important lines, including Ballan to Bacchus Marsh, and reported on the feasibility of a line from Alexandra to Mansfield through the Puzzle Ranges. Cussen later recalled: 'I liked the life, and the survey camps were comfortable. I grew as strong as a horse with the open-air life. The excessive walking spoilt me as a runner, but it seemed as if I had left athletics behind me'.

At 25 he decided to become a lawyer. He returned to the university, completing his B.A. in 1884 and the first and second years of his law degree in 1885-86 (LL.B., 1886; M.A., 1887). On 1 September 1886 he was admitted to the Victorian Bar. He read with (Sir) John Madden and occupied 35 Selborne Chambers. To supplement his earnings after graduation, he taught international law at the university; between 1890 and 1900 he also lectured in the law of obligations. He wrote legal articles and in 1897 was reputedly the first Victorian to have an article published in the London Law Quarterly Review. He also became a reporter for the Australian Law Times and the Victorian Law Reports.

Working long hours, Cussen soon became one of the most sought after and highly paid barristers, renowned for thorough preparation, clarity of argument and sound knowledge of legal principles. He developed a wide-ranging practice, with the exception of criminal law; his engineering experience led him to specialize in local government, patent and engineering cases. He quickly emerged as a leading counsel among a strong Bar which included such men as James Purves, (Sir) Isaac Isaacs, Henry Bourne Higgins, Frank Gavan Duffy, (Sir) William Irvine and Theyre à Beckett Weigall. In 1901 and 1902 Cussen was elected to the Bar committee.

He achieved a remarkable reputation for advocacy, opinion and wit. Anecdotes abound from this period. 'It almost became a maxim that if a solicitor had a difficult case and did not consult Cussen, he was guilty of negligence'. However he never took silk, preferring to remain a stuff gownsman along with others such as (Sir) Hayden Starke. While taking no part in the Federal constitutional conventions of the 1890s, he harboured some interest in politics and in 1901 stood for the House of Representatives seat of Wannon, his childhood country. Samuel Cooke soundly defeated him.

On 8 April 1890 at St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney, Cussen had married Johanna, daughter of John Bevan; they raised six sons and one daughter. In 1903 he took his wife and two sons for the first of his three trips to Europe, Great Britain and Ireland, and developed interests in church architecture, music and art.

In March 1906 (Sir) Thomas Bent's government appointed Cussen to the Victorian Supreme Court. Cabinet was divided over the matter but the appointment was warmly welcomed by bench, Bar and the press, which noted that he was a popular and genial figure with the reputation of being the 'hardest worked and perhaps highest paid of present Melbourne barristers'. His salary of £2500 represented a considerable financial sacrifice; it was not reviewed or raised during his twenty-seven years on the bench. His work is recorded in many important judgments in the Victorian Law Reports. He was a judge for both the parties and the profession, deciding cases with insight and with just discrimination of fact and argument. He was a master at summing up to a jury and discussed and developed with precision and scholarly thoroughness legal principles involved in cases before him, thereby often setting the law on a solid basis for years ahead. In 1924, and again in 1931-32, Cussen was appointed chief justice in the absence of Irvine.

Apart from these judicial contributions, Cussen undertook massive projects of statutory consolidation for the Victorian parliament. This he did in his spare time, entirely gratuitously, and probably at the expense of his health. In 1908 he began working, almost single-handed, on the Victorian statutes. The task had twice previously been carried out by George Higinbotham, in 1865-66 and 1890, but much new legislation required attention. Cussen modernized the language of many provisions, and included many amendments and valuable and substantial annotations. The finished work, in five volumes, appeared in 1915. For this achievement, he was thanked by both Houses of the Victorian parliament.

Three years later Cussen began work on an even larger and more complex task of statutory consolidation, which culminated in the Imperial Acts Application Act of 1922. This project involved an exhaustive and definitive examination of over 7000 English and Australian Acts dating back to the thirteenth century, to determine exactly which English and colonial Acts were applicable in Victoria. He was assisted by Professor (Sir) Harrison Moore. On completion of this work Cussen was given leave of absence to recover his health, for he had undergone surgery earlier in 1922 to remove part of the large intestine. Now Sir Leo Cussen—he had been knighted in January—he took his wife and daughter on an extensive tour of Europe.

In 1929 Cussen completed his second consolidation of Victorian statutes and presented them to the Victorian parliament for enactment. He was assisted by six barristers and acted as editor, taking responsibility for the whole work; as before, he was thanked by parliament for his services. The achievement was, however, marred by a squabble in parliament over whether an honorarium of £2500 be paid, in addition to granting him a year's leave of absence. In the end the government deferred the grant and it was not proposed again. His leave was lengthened to two years (from August 1929), because of illness.

Cussen was a trustee from October 1916 and from September 1928 president of the Public Library, Museums, and National Gallery of Victoria. He was a member of the Felton Bequest Committee and prepared a report on the law of copyright and works of art, which unfortunately has been lost. He was a member of the law faculty of the University of Melbourne for forty-three years and from 1902 a member of the university council. He was also a member of the Council of Legal Education and vice-president of the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Research. As president of the Melbourne Cricket Club from 1907 he was noted for his 'tact and kindliness as an administrator' and his ability to preserve harmony and goodwill. At the turn of the century he had regularly represented the Bar in annual cricket matches; as his sons grew up he enjoyed playing cricket with them and with their friends from near-by Xavier College in an adjacent paddock. He followed with interest his sons' sporting careers at school and university. He belonged to the Melbourne, Yorick and University clubs.

On 17 May 1933 Cussen died suddenly at his home in Hawthorn. He had been sitting in court only two days before. A huge public funeral and procession followed, with Archbishop Daniel Mannix presiding at pontifical Mass in St Patrick's Cathedral. He was survived by his wife and children. Of his six sons, one died in boyhood, one became a distinguished Melbourne physician and the others prominent lawyers. In 1964 the Sir Leo Cussen chair of law was created at Monash University and in 1972 the Leo Cussen Institute for Continuing Legal Education was founded in Melbourne. (Sir) Robert Menzies, at Cussen's death, described him as 'one of the great judges of the English-speaking world'. Members of the law profession stressed his deep learning 'unaccompanied by pedantry', his soundness of judgment, dignity of demeanour, humanity, natural courtesy and sense of public duty. Sir Owen Dixon considered it an extraordinary error by governments not to have appointed him chief justice of the High Court of Australia or of the Victorian Supreme Court.


Davies, Robert Rowland (1805–1880)

by P. R. Hart

Robert Rowland Davies (1805-1880), Church of England clergyman, was born on 15 September 1805 at Northgate Barracks, Canterbury, England, the eldest son of Robert Davies of Mallow and his wife Harriett, née Batt, of Saltash, Cornwall. He was descended from an old Irish clerical and landowning family dating back to the seventeenth century; one of his ancestors was Dean Rowland Davies, chaplain to William III. His father was a surgeon in the 11th Dragoons, and later practised at Marlborough, County Cork, Ireland, where he died in 1826. After his mother's death in 1812 Robert Davies went to Dr Bell's grammar school at Youghal, to the grammar school at Mallow in 1820 and to Trinity College, Dublin (B.A., 1826). He then studied at the University of St Andrews, Scotland, where he became friendly with Dr Thomas Chalmers, professor of moral philosophy and political economy. Ordained deacon in September 1828, he was appointed to the curacy of Kilbrin and Listowel, Ireland, and private chaplain to Lord Muskerry. In May 1829 he was priested and appointed a chaplain to Van Diemen's Land, through his friend Lord Arden. He was encouraged to emigrate by enthusiastic letters from Dr W. H. Browne. Soon after arrival in Hobart Town on 11 April 1830, he was appointed to Norfolk Plains (Longford), where among other philanthropic work he opened a savings bank.

Davies was married on 26 February 1833 to Maria (1816-1902), the daughter of Captain William Thomas Lyttleton, police magistrate of Launceston, and his wife Ann, née Hortle. Owing to his wife's illness Davies left for England in January 1840. He returned in July 1841 with a loan of £1000 for the new Longford Church from the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Soon after Bishop Francis Nixon's arrival in 1843 he became surrogate in Tasmania, and next year rural dean of Longford. When Nixon went to England in 1846, Davies was made vicar-general and commissary. He became archdeacon of Launceston in September 1850, and two years later succeeded Rev. William Bedford at St David's, Hobart Town. He was appointed archdeacon of Hobart in November 1854 after Fitzherbert Marriott resigned. When Nixon vacated the see, Davies again became commissary in February 1862, and presided over the next two annual synods. Through failing health he resigned the incumbency of the cathedral in September 1866 and retired on a government pension, although he retained the title of archdeacon after his resignation. He died at Hobart on 13 November 1880.

Davies was instrumental in building churches at Longford and Perth, and attempted to set the Church of England on a firm economic footing, especially through glebes and endowments. He showed much interest in the establishment of Christ's College, becoming a trustee in 1845 and an honorary fellow in 1856; he sold 400 pamphlets and books, many in first and rare editions, to the college library in 1852. He was an inspector of schools at Longford and became a trustee of the Hutchins School in 1853. In the ritualist controversy of the 1850s he strongly sided with his friend, Bishop Nixon, against the latter's critics. Davies himself suffered from minor Evangelical intolerance when some of his own congregation raised petitions in 1845 against his 'Puseyite' innovations of the surplice and weekly offertory. A keen horticulturist, he introduced many plants into Tasmania, and was president and guiding spirit of the Launceston Horticultural Society. In politics he was friendly with the various governors, but a strong opponent of transportation, petitioning the Queen against it in 1848.

His engaging Irish wit, genial temperament and liberal mind won him friends from all denominations, who united in presenting addresses and gifts on his departure from Launceston. Jane Williams, an intelligent critic, praised the tastefulness of his home and brilliant sermons, commenting that 'if there were more men in the country like him, the Wesleyans would have no followers among the educated class of the people'.



Corbett, James Francis (1834–1912)

by Monica Starke

James Francis Corbett (1834?-1912), Catholic bishop, was born at Limerick, Ireland, eldest child of James Corbett and his second wife Catherine, née Reeves. After secondary education in France at Cambrai, he studied for the priesthood at Bruges in Belgium and Le Mans in France. He was ordained 'for Limerick' on 29 May 1858. For the next five years he worked in his native diocese, earning golden opinions from his bishop who was reluctant to release him to answer Archbishop Goold's appeal for priests in Victoria.

On arrival in Melbourne on 29 August 1863 in the Lightning, Corbett was appointed to the St Kilda mission and soon became Goold's right-hand man and private secretary. His parish extended over the municipalities of St Kilda, Prahran, Caulfield and Gardiner, and under his vigorous administration developed into one of the richest in Australia. In 1876 he received from Rome an honorary doctorate of sacred theology and in 1879 he was appointed chancellor of the archdiocese and vicar forane.

In 1887 Corbett was chosen as bishop of the newly created diocese of Sale; he was consecrated at St Mary's Church, St Kilda, on 25 August. Although no longer young, and not a born horseman, he applied himself to his rugged charge with undiminished vigour. He was handicapped by an acute shortage of priests. However, he established new parishes, built churches, presbyteries, convents and schools, introduced nuns, recruited priests, and organized Catholic education in Gippsland. Honours, clerical and secular, came to him: the Papal Order of the Holy Sepulchre, the Pilgrim's Cross of Jerusalem and, in 1889, the Freedom of the City of Limerick. After 1907 he was the senior priest in Victoria, and in 1911 Pope Pius X appointed him assistant bishop at the papal throne.

Corbett's foreign education was reflected in his appearance. Bearded, with immense dignity and a courtly manner when offering his snuff box, he impressed more as a polished man of the world than a missionary. He was, however, of ascetic habits, adding the discipline of a Tertiary of St Francis to that of a priest. He was a fine scholar with a nice appreciation of art and letters, a passion for clocks and a love of dogs. His knowledge of the rubrics was legendary and he was a recognized authority on ecclesiastical law.

The bishop was a very effective if not a great preacher, and an outspoken critic whenever he believed censure was deserved. In the debates on the Education Act, 1872, Corbett was an eloquent champion of the Catholic Church's stand against secularization of education in government-funded schools. His major contribution to the system of Catholic education, evolved in opposition to the 1872 Act, was the introduction to St Kilda of the Presentation Nuns (1873) and the Christian Brothers (1878), and to Sale of the Congregation of Our Lady of Sion (1890). He was a disciplinarian, but was beloved by his priests for the support and understanding he gave them in their difficulties.

Corbett died at Sale, aged 79, on 29 May 1912 after a hernia operation, and was buried in St Mary's Cathedral, which he had planned to consecrate to celebrate his silver jubilee as a bishop.




Enright, Walter John (1874–1949)

by W. A. G. Enright

Walter John Enright (1874-1949), solicitor and scientist, was born on 10 March 1874 at West Maitland, New South Wales, eldest of seven children of John Enright, a dealer (auctioneer) from Limerick, Ireland, and his locally born wife Julia, née Maher. Educated at West Maitland at St Mary's Dominican Convent and at the Sacred Heart College under Fr P. V. Dwyer, he went on to St John's College, University of Sydney (B.A., 1893). At the university he studied modern languages and geology; Professor (Sir) Edgeworth David made a lifelong impression on him.

On completing his articles of clerkship, Enright was admitted as a solicitor on 22 August 1896. He successfully practised at Maitland and throughout the Hunter valley until the end of his life; he found a knowledge of geology very useful in coal-mining cases. Active in local affairs, he was elected to the West Maitland Municipal Council in 1899, was mayor in 1906 and president of the hospital board in 1914. He was a member of the Maitland French Circle and fluent in German and Italian. On 31 December 1914 at St Mary's Catholic Church, Clermont, Queensland, he married Adelaide Abelia Appleton.

Enright's absorbing interest was in his total environment. An 'amateur scientist of distinctly high calibre', he gladly assisted those 'seeking information in local geology, entomology, forestry, ichthyology and anthropology'. He helped to organize visits to the Maitland area of sections of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1914 and the second Pan Pacific Science Congress in 1923. From his youth he had associated with local Aboriginals and his interest in anthropology was stimulated by R. H. Mathews, and later by A. P. Elkin, who became a close friend. He contributed many notes to such journals as Mankind and Oceania. He was a member of the Royal, Linnean and Geographical societies of New South Wales, the Royal Australian Historical Society, the Royal Australasian Ornithologists' Union, the Australasian (Australian and New Zealand) Association for the Advancement of Science, the Numismatic Society of New South Wales, the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland and the Royal Geographical Society of London.

In his youth Enright played cricket and Rugby football and belonged to the Maitland Rowing Club; later he enjoyed tennis and bowls. Throughout his life a practising and reasoning Catholic, he had strong ecumenical leanings; he was a lay fellow of St John's College in 1916-28. Enright died at his Maitland home on 27 September 1949 and was buried in Campbell's Hill cemetery. He was survived by his wife and two sons. His estate was valued for probate at £22,702.





Courier Mail Brisbane 27 Nov 1937

Captain Neville Stack As Instructor In Turkey

ISTANBUL. November 26.

Captain Neville Stack, the British airman, has obtained a contract as instructor to the Turkish civil air services-



Ail Airman's Death'


Karachi, March 15 1949, Squadron-' Leader Thomas Neville Stack has arrived to attend the official in quiry into the death of his father, Captain Neville Stack, a British airman who was knocked down and killed by a lorry last month. Squadron-Leader Stack and his

brother, Anthony, wish to clear their father's name from the sug gestion of suicide. Captain Stack, who was general manager of Orient Airways, a Pakistan-owned company, had been told by the police to re main -in Karachi pending inquiries into the sale of a Dakota.


CALCUTTA, September l8.1933 Courier Mail

An SOS call on the newly-installed wireless telephone between Calcutta and London, from the son of the Maharaja of Nepal, to a distinguished Harley Street surgeon, had its sequel yesterday, when Dr. H. S. Souttar, accompanied by an anaesthetist. Dr. J. H. Challis, and Nurse M. A. Brad- ford, left Heston aerodrome on an air dash to India.

The doctor's aeroplane is being piloted by Captain Neville Stack, the famous airman, who made the first flight in a light aeroplane to India. It is expected that the journey will occupy six days, and that the cost will be £25,000.

The patient, the wife, of the Crown Prince of Nepal, was advised to go to Europe for an urgent operation, but she is not permitted to cross the water, owing to caste difficulties.

Jan 9th 1933


LONDON,-January 9. J.

. Courtenay, the well-known airman who accompanied Neville '. Stack to India, pointa ont that with . long distance flyers, especially record breaking, where every minute is precious even for sending telegrams, no .news is generally good : news, whereas if there had been a : crash . it would have been reported within 24 hours» Hinkler

could have reached Aleppo non-. : stop. Quite likely he had: refuelled at some small 'drome and : flew over Aleppo and Baghdad to the Persian Gulf. He would not .

be sornrisedif the first news came from Bushire. : .



The Western Australian

Exclusive Pictures for Perth.25 Oct 1934

The Fox Australian Movietone organis ation has arranged to bring to Perth ex clusive pictures of the finish of the cen tenary air race from Eneland to Mel

bourne. Mr. A. E. Llghtfoot, West Aus tralian manager for Fox Films, said yes


terday that cameramen had been sent to Charleville, Flemington and Laverton, so that all phases of the finish would be covered. The picture, which will be screened on Monday next, at the Capi tol, Ambassadors and Prince of Wales theatres, also covers the preparatory ar rangements, and includes a speech by the donor of the cup, Sir Macpherson Robertson. The picture will also show the frantic efforts by the airmen and me chanics to mend the disabled engine, en abling the airman to again take off and continue his record-breaking flight to Melbourne. Mr. Scott's dash past the winning post at Flemington, his arrival at Laverton and the speeches of welcome from the dais at Flemington are also in cluded. 'We are. indeed proud,' continued Mr. Lightfoot, 'to be able to bring these pic tures before the people of this State We had made arrangements for films of the start of the race to be brought to Aus tralia by Captain Neville Stack, but un fortunately this airman was forced down. However, these pictures will be dispatched to Australia with all speed.'



25 April 1925




Egypt has been bubbling with unrest for years, and many British residents have paid the penalty of living in that country and attempting to guide its destinies. Ever since the death of General Gordon, in the eighties at Khartum, a circumstance which stirred Britain to the depths as did the recent assassination of Sir Lee Stack, there has been a long line of martyrs in the interest of the Empire. More recent happenings in Egypt have been most disturbing, and since 1920 the following Englishmen have been murdered or seriously wounded by Egyptian assassins:- Captain Knight, shot, November,1920. Mr. E. Hatton, railway official, fatally shot, December, 1921.Mr. Alfred Brown, Controller of Egyptian Ministry of Education, murdered,

February, 1922. Other Englishmen attacked. J. McIntosh Bey, Egyptian railway official, shot. Bimbachi W. Cunliffe Cave, Cairo Police Force, shot dead, May, 1922.Lieutenant Colonel A. F. H. Pigott, Pay Officer, shot in lungs, July, 1922.Professor T. W. Brown, of Horticultural Research Department, shot, wounded, August, 1922. Dr. Newby Robson, Professor of Law School, shot dead, December,

1922. Professor E. W. Shoebridge, Egyptian Ministry of Education, murdered, January, 1923.Mr. Travers Allan, of Montreal, murdered near Luxor, February, 1923.Corporal Ryan, a British airman, fatally stabbed at Heliopolis, April,1924.Sir Lee Stack, the Sirdar, shot November, 1924. Attempts to murder at least a dozen prominent Egyptians, including Zaghlul Pasha himself, have also been made.



LONDON, Sunday.19 Oct 1938



Twenty thousand people packed the Cathedral Square, Glasgow, when Britain's 'perfect girl,' Miss Prunella Stack, 22 year-old leader of the Women's League of Health and Beauty and a member of the National Fitness Council, married Lord David Douglas-Hamilton.

The police made arrangements similar to those at a foot ball match but stampeding women and girls broke the cordon. Many scrambling women fainted and thereby missed the coveted sight of Scotland's ideal wedding of Britain's number one health and beauty girl to the handsome athletic son of a duke. Six of the prettiest little Scottish society girls and two adult bridesmaids accompanied the bride who swept up the aisle in her parchment velvet gown with leg-of-mutton sleeves and train five yards long. Groom Wore Kilts The bridegroom and best man wore the full Royal Stuart highland dress while a piper played the bridal party from the church. Prunella, who contributes to the Press 'Beautygrains,' which show i how to secure perfect feminine

development, received a cheque for i £300 from 150 members of the j Beauty League as a wedding pre sent. ' Prunella Stack is the most photo graphed girl in Britain. Lord David Douglas-Hamilton is the youngest son of the Duke of Hamilton and a brother of the Marquis of Clydesdale, the 'boxing peer'' and celebrated airman. Miner, Pilot Prunella took over from her mother, who died three years ago, an organisation of 140,000 members. She was appointed to the National Fitness Council last year ? Lord David, noted amateur boxer (captain of the Oxford team 193.4-35), is a follower of the same cult. He is a mountaineer, has worked in lumber camps and as a coal miner, and he is a. qualified airman. The couple have known each other for about 18 months. Both strenuously denied their engagement last January, but officially announced it in May. Lord David's solicitor in January even called at newspaper offices in London and emphasised there was no foundation for the report.



Stack Clan




NZ Tablet 14 Oct 1887


It is not oiten that the larjdlord faction use thtir position on the magisterial bet eh to revenge themselves oa opponents in the popular ranks after bo flagrant a lashioo as some members of the garrison occupjing seats on ihe Tarbert (county Kerry) petty sessions bench would betm to have done the other d H y when adjudicating in the cas,o of aitspectable old rnrtn named Scanlm. wby was summoned before them for assault. The alleged assault consisted in a'• wigging,"

which old Scanlan had administered to a j oungster whom he found tampering with the village pump, of which he had charge, and great was the astonishment of the people of the district when it became known that the defendant was summarily sentenced to three weeks' imprisonment, and to a further term of three months should he fail to give security for good behaviour at the end o£ that period. An application to have the term of imprisonment increased to four weeks was refused, and this old man of seventy years was hurried off to the county gaol at Tralee with all speed. It is openly alleged that the explanation of the magisterial action in this matter is to be found in the fact that Mr. Scanlan'a son, who is a prominent member of the local branch of the National League, was mainly instrumental in having the name of the village in which he lives changed from that of Newtownsandes to Newtowndillon, in compliment to the member for East Mayo. This change has, it seems, incensed the landlord party down there beyond measure, and it is pointed out as a remarkable coincidence that one of the magistrates presiding a Mr. Sandes, whose family name the village formerly bore— should hare turned up to adjudicate in old Scanlan 'a case, though he had not attended petty sessions more than twice for the past two years. Mr, Dillon has been requested to bring the conduct of the Tarbert lawt givers in this matter under the notice of the House of Commons, and it will be interesting to hear what defence can be made for it.



LIMERICK— The Parliamentary Fund At a meeting of Limerick citizens in aid of the Irish Parliamentary Fund, it was announced that the Bishop of Limerick had subscribed £10 10s, and Mrs. O'Brien Smith Hill, £50, wihich brought that lady's subscriptions to the fund within the yeo,r up to £15-0. The Evicted Temnts Mr. John E. Moloney, Knocklong, hon. secretary to the Limerick and Clare Evicted Tenants' Association, wrote a few weqks since to the Chief Secretary, drawing his attention to the statements made by the judges during the holding of the Munster Assizes, as to there being 58 derelict farms in Limerick, and 144 in Kerry. Mr. Moloney says- that this is a grave state of affairs two years after the passing of the Land Act. Only 100, ou,t, of 40100 evicted tenants, have been provided for and at this rate it would take 100 years? to restore the whole number. To this communication Mr. J. J. TTary r lor, Mr. Long's private secretary, writes that he is directed b)y the Chief Secretary for Ireland "to acknowledge the receipt of Mr. Moloney's letter on the subject of the reinstatement of the evicted tenants.


Irish News.

New Zealand Tablet, 25 November 1887



On August 28 and 29, the second annual Hurling and Football Tournament and Athletic Carnival of the Newcastle West Gaelic Athletic Association was held. The arrangements were perfect Special trains were ran by the Waterford and Limerick and Kerry' Bailway Companies, and they were most largely availed of The g-aod stand was crowded. The Newcastle National Band played a choice -election of music. The first contest was a football match— the Laimh Laider Aboos, Kanturk, v. Castlemahon. Both teams wera well ma' ched. and from the commencement the play was carried on with great vi ;oar. Tie Laimh Laider Aboos were declared winners by a forfeit point. The next match, and the ma»- hof the day was the Lord Edwards, Newcastle West, v. St. Michael's, Limerick. When time was called the score was 1 goal and 3 points for St. Michael's to 4 points for Lord Edwards. The next football match was the Grocers' Juniors, Limerick, v. the Emmet Juniors, Newcastle West. Tbia match was spiritedly contested, and ended in a tie. The next event w. aa hurling match, the Faugh-a Ballagh, Adare, v. the St. Michael's Limerick When time was called the score was 2 goals and 6 points for the Faugh-a-Ballaghs to St. Michael's nil. Grocers' Juniors, Lmerick, v. St. Michael's Juniors, Limerick.— This match was well contested, and when time was called the score was— for Grocers' 2 points to 1 point for St. Michael's. The 100-yards handicap was won by J. O'Sullivan, Killorgin, and he also won at throwing the hammer, with a throw of 92ft. Bin. running hop-step and jump, with a leap of 46 ft. 6in., and the running long jump at 19ft. llin. The quarter-mile handicap was won by Michael Roche, Newcastle West the running high jump by M. Connery, KiMnane, with a jump of sft 9in.; the 120-yards hurdle by J. Moouey, Ballyhea slinging 561b5. by D. O'Sullivan, Inchbawn, with a sling of 22ft. 2in., and the pole jump by Michael Maher, Foynes, who cleared the bar at Bft. lOin.




The evicHons on the O'Grady estate, near Herbertstown, com menced on August 30. There was a large force of police and military —forming the escort of Mr. Hobson and his bailiffs— the whole party being under command of Captain Plunkett. The military prepara. tions were of the most elaborate character. Police gathered from all the neighboring stations, and the previous evening cavalry arrived from Kildare to make preparations. A troop of the 3d King's Hussars and 70 men of the 2nd Battalion of the Leinßter Regiment comprised the military force. Father Matthew Ryan and several Englishmen were present. The O'Grady was himself in attendance, but Mr. Beauchamp, solicitor and agent to the landlord, took np possession from the Sheriff. A large crowd was present, and the police made several baton charges. The first victim was John Carroll, but he did not live in the house and there was no resistance. Stonei and water were thrown on the bailiffs out of the next house, thst of Hannah Cremins. Part of the sidewall was thrown down and the police arrested six roe i, and three women were arrested and handcuffed. The eviction of a man named Ryan was carried out without resistance being offure t, but the roads were cut up and other obstacles thrown in the way of the bailiffs. The evictions were resumed next mornin-', and Captain Plunkett was again in charge. On the way from Kilballyowen to Herbertstown the road wa° blocked in several pans, and there were long delays in getting the ambulance waggon through. The first house visited was that of Margaret Moloney, a widow. Dr. Cleary certified that she was unfit to be removed, but the eviction was nevertheless carried out, the sick woman being taken out on a tick. Stones were thrown at the police, who charged the people with batons. At a public meeting after the evictions Mr. William O'Brien spoke and denounced the conduct of Captain Plunkett the previous day for refusing permission to the representatives of the Press and English visitors to approach the hoasea and remarked that, notwithstanding this, the English people are discovering what was going on. A day of reckoning was coming, and big as was the force protecting O'Grady that day there was a greater army gathering in England, under the banner of William Ewart Gladstone, to grant them justice. There were other speeches, and then the crowd quietly dispersed.






Agrarian Outrage in Ireland.

Bay Of Plenty Times, Volume XV, Issue 2314, 1 August 1888, Page 2


Agrarian Outrage in Ireland.

London. Jalv 3.)

Two agrarian murders hay-> been committed at Listowel, Kantu-rk. The victims were boycotted farmers and the murderers!, who were masked. escaped, notwithstanding that the crime was perpetrated in broad davligbt.


A Desperate Fight.

Bay Of Plenty Times, Volume XI, Issue 1261, 3 May 1882, Page 2

A Desperate Fight.

A gang of marauders, attacked, jft, house at Listowel, County Kerry, as midnight. The police wero hurriedly summoned, and a terrible affray en* sued, which resulted in twenty of th<* gang being wounded and captured.




Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XLII, 7 August 1922, Page 5



d* CAHLB-PKiiSS ASSOCIATKHJ-COrraiUHl LONDON, Aug. 5 i National troops captured "ralee a,,d./iaffaert, ai'S now advancing on Listowel. j

Tralee, Ballylongford and Tarbert captured.




NZ Tablet 2-2- 1883



Farbkll— O'CONNELL.-On the- 9th January, 1883, at St. Joseph s Church, Temuka, by the Rev. Father Fauvel, Thomas, eldest Eon Of Mr. James Farrell, County Wicklow, Ireland, to Mary, second daughter of Mr. John O'Connell, Lixnaw, County Kerry, Ireland Walsh— Lennon.- On the 9th January, at the residence of the Rev. W. B. Purton, 0.8.8., Mtuselburgh, Duuedin, Robert Chamber Walsh, to Mary Lennon.



Poverty Bay Herald

10 May 1888



A London cablegram of a recent date stated that two men named Hayes and Moriarty have been aeatenced t" death for the murder of James Fitzmaurioo, a farmer afc Listowel. on the 3lßb January. The following are the particulars of tlna orime aa given in the English papers 11 The victim was a farmer naraea James Fitzmaurice, aged about 60 years, who lived about two miles from the village of Lixnaw. Two yeara ago the deceased held a farm jointly with Mr Samuel Huasey, but both were evicted. Almost immediately afterwards James Fitzmaurice took the farm on his own account, and thus incurred popular displeasure. He was rigidly boycotted, and for six months past he has been under special police protection. He left home in a cart, accompanied by one of his daughters, aged 20 years, for the purpose of taking a couple of piga to Listowel market. He was accompanied for some distance by two policemen, but at his request they left him at a point about a mile from the scene of the subsequent tragedy. After passing through Lixnaw, Fitzmaurice noticed a young man who was walking along the road behind. Shortly aftorwarda the man was joined by another.and both commenced to run after the cart. The old man, against his daughter's advice jumped out of the cart, and walked along behind it. He did nob apparently apprehend any danger, and when the men came near him he walked back to meet them, again disregarding the girl's entreaties. The girl Baw the men meet, and it wa3 evident thab words passed between them, although ahe could not hear distinctly what was said. Fitzmaorice seemed to lose hiatemper, for he raised his whip as if to strike the two men, who immediately seized him by the collar, drew their revolvers, and fired point blank into the unfortunate man's body. The noise frightened the horse, which started off at a gallop, and the girl was unable to pull up until the cart had gone some considerable distance. As soon as sho could she got out of the cart, and ran to her father's assistance. The murderers had rushed off in the direction of Lixnaw. The old man tried to follow after the cart, but he had walked only 40 paces when he sank to the ground exhausted with the loss of blood, and never again rallied. The girl rushed to a honse some 20 yards away, and having obtained assistance, carried the poor old man into the place. In June last the following resolution was passed by the Lixuaw branch of the Land Lea»ue: That as Janie3 Fitzmuurice, of Ahabeg, Still persists iv allowing his cattle to graze on the farm from which his brother Edmond was recently evicted, and refuses to give any information to the league in extenuation of his conduct, we hereby call on the public to mark him as a landgrabber of the most inhuman type."


Otago Witness 27 -4-1899



ITS ACRES, WEALTH, AND DISTINCTIONS. It is doubtful whether the Government of Great Britain has ever been administered by a body of men richer in estates and titles- "that the present Cabinet. The 19 members who constitute the Cabinet of to-day are, among them, lords of as nearly as possible 500,000 acres, or more land than constitutes the entire counties of Middlesex. Huntingdon, and Rutland. Their combined estate would require a fence 176 miles in length, or almost as long as from London to Chester, to surround it, and would be 78 miles long and 10 miles wide while their average estate would be 10 miles long by four miles wide. They appropriate among them 35 titles of peerage and baronetage, iv addition to almost every state and academic distinction open to Britons and they boast no fewer than 45 lordly pleasure hoiises for their accommodation. '-their aggregate private income may safely be assessed at £450,000 a year, or an average distribution of about £24,000 a year, a revenue which at least places their patriotism above suspicion ot money-seeking. More than four-fifths of the Cabinet's real estate is vested in three of its members, who, between them, possess 417,000 acres, or more than twice the area of Huntingdonshire. The Duke of Devonshire beads the list of landed proprietors with 186.000 acres Lord Lansdowne follows with 143,000 and, to the surjorise, no doubt, of many readers, Mr A. J. Balfour makes a good third with 88.000 acres, or nearly half the area of Middlesex. In fact, Mr Balfour owns- more than four acres for every acre of his uncle, the Premier, who is only credited with 20.300 acres. Only nine members of the Cabinet are men of many acres, so that each landowner's average holding would be no less than 86 square miles. The Marquis of Lansdowne appropriates no fewer than 11 titles, or almost one out of every three titles enjoyed by the entire Cabinet. The Marquis of Salisbury's oldest title is a thing of yesterday compared with the Barony of Kerry and Lixnaw, dating from the twelfth century, of which Lord Lansdowne can boast. In addition to this crusted barony, he has three other titles of Baron, three of Viscount, three of Earl, and one of Marquis. The Duke of Devonshire is a bad second in the list of peerages, with only six titles of Baron, Earl, Marquis, and Duke, none of them earlier than the seventeenth century. Lords Salisbury and Cadogan are content with four titles each, and Lord Halsbury is richer than he ever expected to be with three. Seven members of the Cabinet are blessed with a single title, and seven have none at all. B} r far the most blessed amongst Ministers is the Duke of Devonshire, who in land and revenue represents quite a third of the entire Cabinet, while he has sufficient houses to satisfy the architectural vanity of seven statesmen. The rents of his many mansions, to make any return on the capital sunk in them, would be more than sufficient to support our Cahinet in perpetuity. Chatsworth House alone is estimated to have cost, in building and equipment, a million of money, at least while Devonshire House in Piccadilly accounts for quite another million, to say nothing of the glories of Hardwicke Hall, Holker Hall, Bolton Abbey, and Lismore Castle. Lord Salisbury has four English homes, and a charming villa, designed by Lady Salisbury, near Nice and Lord Lansdowne shows his cosmopolitan sympathies by having two houses in England, one in Scotland, and a fourth in Ireland. Lord 3 Halsbury and Cadogan have three homes each. Although the Cabinet is rich in honorary degrees, its University career has been singularly undistinguished. One member only, Sir Matthew White Ridley, bad a brilliant record at the Universities like his brother, Mr Justice Ridley, he took a First Class in the Final Schools at Oxford, and won a Fellowship at All Souls. Lord Salisbury also became a Fellow of All Souls when the Home Secretary was a small boy at Harrow but no other member of the Cabinet appears to have distinguished himself academically.

The last Liberal Ministry, although it must yield the palm of titles and possessions to Lord Salisbury's Cabinet, was far richer in University honours, for it included among its members four Fellowships and as many First Classes at Oxford and Cambridge.



New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXXI, Issue 43, 22 October 1903


Irish News

CLARE.— Tenant Reinstated Much satisfaction is"" felt in the Labasheeda (County Clare) district at the reinstatement of Mr. John Kelly, of Kilkerrin, to the farm from which he was evicted five years ago. Mr. Kelly was the recipient of many congratulations, and was presented with an address from his neighbors in Labasheeda. Charming Embroidery The charming designs of Clare embroidery as now seen in various colors in children's frocks and pinafores (says the Freeman's Journal owe their origin to Mrs. Vere O'Brien, Ballyalla, Ennis, famous as one of the pioneers of the revival of Irish lace. The embroidery is worked from designs drawn by Mrs. O'Brien with her well-known artistic taste and skill. This interesting Irish industry of which classes have been established by Mrs. O'Brien at Ballyalla, presided over by herself at the Convent of Mercy, Ennis, presided over by the directress of nleedlework, and at Mount Callan, presided over by Mrs. Tottenham gives employment to numbers of young girls in the neighborhood. It is owing to her kindly zeal, Limerick lace— an industry which flourished during the early Victorian period, but later became, from various causes, almost extinct— has been revived to its former glory. CORK The Exhibition Speaking at a recent meeting of the executive committee of the Cork Exhibition Sir Edward Fitzgerald, Lord Mayor of Cork, said that the success of the Exhibition, which would close on November Ist, was> already assured. DUBLIN.— The Horse Show Notwithstanding the very inclement weather, 54,838 persons attended the Dublin Horse Show. There was a decrease of over 1000 as compared with last year. An Australian Visitor An Irish priest who has made for himself a brilliant name all over the Continent of Australia and in New Zealand, the Rev. G-. A. Robinson, 8.A., is (says the Irish Catholic of August 15) at present on a visit to his native city, Dublin, in the diocesan college of which at Clonlifte he made his clerical studies before proceeding to the Irish College in Rome. Death of Monsignor Gargan As briefly reported in our columns at the time the Right Rev. Mgr. Gargan, president oi St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, passed to his eternal reward on September 1, at the venerable age of 84 years. Dr. Gargan was a native of County Meath, in which his fathei, Mr. Patrick Gargan, was a large grazier. He was born in 1819. His earliest education was imparted by a private tutor, and he subsequently became a pupil in the Diocesan College, Navan. He matriculated in Maynooth in J 836, and entered for logic. He was ordained priest in 1843. His studies were attended with great brilliancy, and before the end of his Dunboyne course he was appointed Professor of Metaphysics in the Irish College in Pans, under the well-known Dr. McSweeney. In 1845 he competed for the Chair of Humanity in Maynooth College, and was successful in securing the appointment. In 1859 he succeeded Dr. Kelly as Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Maynooth. He continued to hold that chair until October," 1885, when he was elected vice-president of the College. In 1894 he was elevated by the Board of Trustees to the presidency, rendered vacant by the promotion of Monsignor Brown to the See of Cloyne. Dr. Gargan was a theologian of uncommon attainments, while his acquaintance with the whole field of Church history enabled him to speak and write upon that subject with masterly erudition and authority. He found time during his active career in the service of the Church to write a number of valuable works on ecclesiastical and historical subjects. GALVVAY.— The Bishop of Clonfert On Sunday, August 30, the new Bishop of Clonfert, Dr. ODea, was solemnly consecrated at Loughrea. His Eminence Cardinal Logue presided. The consecrating prelate was his Grace the Archbishop of Tuam, and the assistant prelates were the Bishops of Galway and Achonry. There were also present Their Lordships the Bishops of Cloyne, Elphin, Canea, Kildare, Ardagh, Killaloe, Derry, Raphoe, Dromore, Clogher, Waterford, Sandhurst (Victoria), Gou'lburn (New South Wales), and Rockhampton (Queensland), and a very large representation of the clergy. The Bishop of Elpin preached. Subsequently a number of addresses were presented to the newly-consecrated Bishop, and in replying to these, Dr. ODea said though his office was spiritual he should not on that account fail to take a keen interest

in what concerned the people's welfare. It was the excellence of their faith to reconcile temporal and eternal and one of its fundamental teachings was that a rightful use of this world was a condition and a help to qualify for the next. He hoped, therefore, to take a part in future, however limited, in ejvery movement for the temporal well-being of the diocese or of the country at large. He would take a special interest in those problems which he conceived to be at the root of their economic and national progress, the restoration of the land to the people, the revival of their industries, a betterment in the conditions of labor, a nation self-centered in its government and ideas, the advancement of education in all its branches, and the development among the masses of the moral qualities of self-reliance, industry, temperance, fidelity to engagements, and public justice. KERRY.— A Fair-minded Landlord Mr. J. E. J. Julian, 8.L., landlord of Kilfeighmey, near Lixnaw, has informed his tenants that he would give them 30 per cent, reduction on their first term rents under the new Land Act. This is considered by all the farmers round as being a most generous act. Mr. Julian is well known as a splendid type of landlord. Railway Management At a meeting of the Tralee Union Council, Mr. T. Slattery (chairman) proposed the following resolutions (1) That from a national point of view we regard with alarm the ruinous effects on the industries and commerce of) this country if such a| .transit system be oontjjti'ued and respectfully call on the Government to take immediate and effective steps- to remedy it. (2) That we condemn the anti-Catholic and anti-Irish policy of the principal railway companies in Ireland, and call on the Catholics and fair-minded Protestant shareholders in these companies to organise their forces and put a stop to such scandalous and disastrous proceedings. KING'S COUNTY.— A Change Allowed The County Council of King's County have succeeded in getting it officially arranged that the post town formerly known as Frankford shall in future be called Kilcormac, its original name. About a century ago, it appears, an old military officer took it upon himself to name the place Frankfard, after Frankfort-on-the-Rhine. Some months ago, however, the County Council restored the ancient appellation which it received on account of Ihe fact that St. Cormac had a monastery there. Judge Curran, at a recent Quarterly Sessions, expressed his strong disapproval of the change, which he described as ridiculous and nonsensical, though he admitted the legality of the Council's action and, subsequently, the Local Government Board refused to sanction it on the ground that the Council had no power to take such a step. The Postmaster-General, however, has now decided to officially recognise the town as Kilcormac in future, which is a decided victory for the Council. LIMERICK.-— An Auckland Visitor Mr. Walter J. Kirby, who is a well-known Australian tenor, is (says the Irish People on a visit to his uncle, the very popular member for East Limerick, Mr. William Lundon, M P Kilteoly. Mr Kirby was born in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1878, and from an early age he was engaged in singing at all the churches and theatres throughout Australia and New 2ealand. Last year he toured Australia with Madame Melba Since his arrival in Kilteely he has sung in the local Catholic Church, and also in Kilkee and other centres. MEATH.— A Bye-Election A cable message received last week stated that at a bye-election m South Meath Mr. David Sheehy, Nationalist, was elected, his opponent being a candidate approved of by the Dublin Daily Independent This seat was represented by Mr J. L.-Carew, whose death was reported in our last issue. TIPPERARY.— A Memorial The people of Toomevara have subscribed £114 for a memorial to Father Fogarty, their late pastor. His brother, Rev. M. Fpgarty, I) D Maynooth, has, at Uie request of the committee, selected the design for the monument which is to take the shape of a solid cross carved with interlaced work. WATERFORD.— Death of a Carrick Man The death is reported of one of the oldest and most respected residents of Carrick district, Mr. John Shee, Newtown, father of Mr. J. J. Shee, M.P. for West Waterford, and Mr. N. Sheff; solicitor. He passed away in his 84th year. Mr Shee was for many years a member of the Carrick Board of Guardians, and proved himself a steady Nationalist, especially in the stormy days when the ex-officios held sway. WEXFORD.- Death of the Mayor Alderman John Clancy, of Wexford, died on Saturday, Augiust 29, after an illness of about a fortnight. The de-

ceased was an extensive shipper of cattle to the English markets. In 1902 he was unanimously elected Mayor. His year of office was marked by such excellent government of municipal affairs that on its conclusion he was called upon to continue in office for another year. GENERAL Private Legislation The London correspondent of the Dublin Daily Expjrefrs says he learns that the government will next session introduce a Bill transferring to Ireland the right to transact its own private legislation. The Late Father O'Growney The remains of the late Father O'Growney arrived in Queenstown from New York about the middle of September, being accompanied across the Atlantic by officials of the Gaelic League of America and other prominent sympathisers of the language movement there. Judge O'Connor Morris Again It is not without regret (says the London Morning PostV) that we draw the attention of our readers to an article published to-day from the pen of Judge William O'Connor Morns on the new Irish Land Act. When a man of his experience declares publicly that a measure passed by a Unionist Ministry is a piece of unjust, immoral, and most pernicious quackery,' when he says it is foul with corruption from top to bottom,' Englishmen may well ask him in astonishment to explain what he means. Practical Work Speaking at the Conference organised by the Anti- Emigration Society in Cork, the Most Rev. Dr. Sheehan, who presided, said that there was no use whatever m striving to keep the Irish people at home until they managed to provide remunerative work for them, and to provide also what was only of less importance, that was recreation and amusement to relieve the dulnoss which attended the lives of so many. His Lordship (writes a Dublin correspondent) struck the right note. Here is the Kernel of the whole question. Small home industries started here and there throughout the country would do more to check emigration than the most eloquent orations on economics or the most elaborate compilation of statistics. A few knitting machines in Kerry or Connemara that would give employment to even 100 persons would do something tangible to keep the people at home In this respect too much credit cannot be given to the nuns in many parts of Ireland. They aie giving practical proof of what could be done to stem the tide of emwMion The famous Foxfoid mills managed by the Sisters of Chanty, the «Gort industries managed by the Sisters of Mercy, and many others of a similar kind, lllustiate what I mean. At the Horse Show and at the Irish Industries Show specimens of the work done by these beneficent institutions were exhibited The work done by the Poor Clares of Kenmare St. Louis' Convent, Carrickmacross the Sisters of Charity, Sligo and others won tho admiration of all Much could be done in the same direction if only the Sisters were afforded practical assistance in the noble work The time for talking, as far as the emigration question is concerned, is at an end. Practical work such as is being given by the nuns in many places is what is required.





Students devise business venture to help restore their church.

Sunday, December 4th, 2011

Two enterprising Transition Year students from the Christian Brothers’ School in Tramore, Co, Waterford, have found a novel way to help pay for the restoration of their local church.

Daniel Connolly and Dylan Hennessy have started a business making clocks from old slates being removed from the church roof


OCTOBER 11, 1831

Died at his residence in this town, on the 5th inst., Mr. Thomas

Quilter, aged forty years, a native of the County of Kerry,

Ireland. Industry and honesty, kindness and good nature, were

conspicious in his character, during a residence of nearly

thirteen years in Columbia.


List of Passengers on Ship Princeton from Liverpool to New York, 18 July, 1853.


Johanna Calligan Cork

John Connor Kerry


Mary Dunlevy Kerry

Ellen Grany Kerry

Mary Sullivan Kerry

Julia Tobin Limerick





Mt. Calvary Cemetery Inscriptions, Burlington, Vermont


Name: Catherine Foran

POB: Co. Kerry

DOB/AGE: 1851

DOD: 1930

Spouse of: Patrick Welch

Inscription: Born in Ballyheige, County Kerry, Ireland


Name: Daniel Conner

POB: Co. Kerry

DOB/AGE: 22 Years

DOD: August 1849

Spouse of:

Inscription: Native of Muig-on-Ear, Paris of Knuckle-no-Gasul,

Ireland (Cant [Can't?] find town - Parish is

Probably Knocknagoshel)


Name: Hanora Quirk

POB: Co. Kerry

DOB/AGE: May 1844

DOD: 8-26-1904

Spouse of: James Hinchey

Inscription: Wife of James Hinchey, County Kerry, Ireland


Name: John Sullivan

POB: Co. Kerry

DOB/AGE: 48Yrs 8mos

DOD: 10-19-1869

Spouse of: Ellen Sheehan

Inscription: Native of County Kerry, Ire [Ireland?]


Name: Ellen Sheehan

POB: Co. Kerry

DOB/AGE: 78 Years

DOD: 10-11-1901

Spouse of: John Sullivan

Inscription: Born in Lestroytown, County Kerry, Ireland


Name: James Fitzgerald

POB: Co. Kerry

DOB/AGE: 75 Years

DOD: 10-4-1896

Spouse of: Nancy _______

Inscription: Born in Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland


Name: Nancy _______ Fitzgerald

POB: ?

DOB/AGE: 76 Years

DOD: 8-2-1907

Spouse of: James Fitzgerald

Inscription: ?



NORRIS: le Norreys (i.e. the northman) is very frequent in Irish records since the thirteenth century. It came into special prominence with the arrival of Sir John Norris, who was responsible for the terrible massacre at Rathlin Island in 1575. He became President of Munster in 1584 and was succeeded by his brother Thomas in 1597. Another brother, Henry (d.1599),



This morning, Timothy M'Carthy, otherwise Souney, was sent off
under an escort of the Royal Cork Volunteers, to be executed
To-morrow at Dunmanway, for attacking the house of John Gilman,
Esq. near that town. Any person now detected in breaking into a
house, can expect no mercy after this example.


The database is available at the following address:

Kennelly 1908



Given Name:








Year of Arrival:


Departure Port:


Departure Date:


Arrival Port:


Arrival Date:



Catholic Emigration Association


Ottawa, Ontario


Sister St. Vincent de Paul in charge of 46 boys. Many names difficult to read


Library and Archives Canada




On the 25th December inst., without any Cause whatever, HENRY MULHOLLAND, my indented Apprentice to the Blacksmith Business-had on when he absconded, a Blue Jacket, Black Waistcoat, and Corduroy Smallclothes; is about five Feet seven inches high, well made, dark Complexion, short Hair, and smooth faced. -Any Person harbouring, or employing my said Apprentice, after this Notice, shall be prosecuted as the Law directs in such Cases. HUGH MOUNTFORD. Belfast, Ann-street, Dec. 31, 1799.
N. B. By said Mulholland's immediate Return, without any more Trouble, to his Employ, he may expect as good Treatment as heretofore.

The Belfast News-Letter, 26 April 1800
Dublin, April 22.
Napper Tandy is to be tried on Monday fe'nnight.
Lloyd's List of the 11th says that the Inflexible, Wassenaar, Stately, and Alkmaar, men of war ; Romulas, Expedition, Pallas, Charon, Hebe, and Vestal frigates, and Serapis storeship, with troops on board, are bound to Waterford.
In the county of Wicklow near the Glen of Imauel, Captain Dwyer's gang surprised and disarmed some soldiers, sending them not only empty but naked away.
In the county Kildare, a little beyond Ballytore, last Wednesday the Post-boy was stopped and robbed by three men armed with blunderbusses.
Yesterday morning, between six and seven o'clock, a Gentleman was robbed on the public road at Baggotrath, close to Dublin, by five armed men.
Lifford Assizes ended on Wednesday last, and proved a maiden one, there not having been a single conviction of any kind for and offence whatever, which proves the happy state of tranquillity and industry of the county of Donegall. This circumstance intitles [sic] the Judge to a pair of gold fringe gloves from the Sheriff.
Henry Stokes and Patrick Sheehan, found guilty by a General Court Martial at Limerick, of the murder of Messrs. Boland, were on Monday morning last taken form the new Barrack, under an escort of the Lancashire dragoons, to the hill of Fedamore, where they were hanged, after which their bodies were brought to Limerick and thrown into Croppies'-hole at the new gaol.
Sheehan, on the morning of his execution, informed a gentleman, that if he would give him his oath that his (Sheehan's) life would be saved, he would give the most useful information, not only of nocturnal rebel-meetings, and of the vast number of arms in their possession, but of their intended robberies and assassination.
Same day Moriarty, for prevarication on the trial of the above convicts, received 100 lashes at the foot of the gallows, in part of his sentence.
Among the spectators who attended at the execution of the murderers at Fedamore, on Monday last, a man of the name of Patrick Haneen was recognized and brought to the county gaol, against whom we are assured, there is positive proof of his being the first person who set fire to the murdered and much lamented Mr. J. Boland's house at Manister.
Saturday fe'nnight John Brien, lately tried by a Court-Martial for the murder of Nathaniel Brien, was hanged at Clonlawrence, near Beerhaven, county of Cork, pursuant to the sentence of the Court.

AT a Meeting of Lodge No. 673, held at Portaferry on Tuesday the 1st April, 1800.
Resolved-That we highly disapprove of the introduction of Political Subjects into Orange Lodges, considering such as foreign to the object of our Institution, as it must finally prove fatal to the Institution itself.
Resolved-That our thanks be returned to the Grand Lodge, for their well timed instructions upon this subject, which, with any others they may favour us with, we are determined to abide by.
[The foregoing advertisement was mislaid, otherwise it would have been inserted sooner.]

Belfast News-Letter, 9 September 1800

Convictions in the City
John Keating for forging bank notes, to be publicly whipped from gate to gate on Saturday next, and to be imprisoned twelve months. Bridget Nowlan, for conspiring with said John Keating and others to cheat and defraud the bankers of Cork, to be imprisoned 12 months. Cath. Hinchy, for stealing a bundle of cloth, the property of John Reardon, burned in the hand and to be imprisoned two calendar months. Catherine Ahern, for petty larceny, to be privately whipped in gaol. Mary Murphy, for feloniously stealing a cotton gown and several other articles of wearing apparel, the property of Mary Roberts, to be transported for seven years. Thomas Crowley, for uttering seditious expressions, fined one mark. Mary Guess, for petty larceny, to be privately whipped in gaol.


from Dr Robert Moynihan.

historical truth about Pius' response to the tragedy of the Holocaust. Hence, this brief report to clarify the facts.

The petitioning organization, which does not claim to represent all Holocaust survivors, misrepresents Pius XII's actual record of constant help for the victims of the Third Reich's murderous racial policies.

And this was well known at the time, and not just by Catholics, but by many Jews and their representatives.

On November 29, 1945, a large group of Jewish survivors came to the Vatican, specifically "to thank His Holiness personally for the extraordinary generosity which he had shown them when they were persecuted during the frightful period of Nazi-Fascism."

Pius XII embraced them, saying: "The Holy See, faithful to the eternal principles, never has agreed, not even in the most hazardous moments, with concepts which the history of civilization will range among the most deplorable and ignominious aberrations of human thinking and feeling. Your presence here is meant to be an expression of gratitude from men and women who have experienced that in the exercise of charity, the Catholic Church and her real children know how to rise above the narrow and arbitrary limits drawn by human selfishness and race hatred." (Angelic Shepherd: the Life of Pope Pius XII, by Jan Olav Smit, New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1950, p. 154)

The claim that Pius XII was "silent" during the Holocaust is contradicted by his own wartime statements, and those who praised them after the war. When he died in 1958, the Jewish community hailed his wartime leadership, above all because he did "speak out."

Golda Meir, then Israel's Foreign Minister, reacted with this tribute: "We share in the grief of humanity at the passing away of His Holiness, Pope Pius XII. In a generation afflicted by wars and discords, he upheld the highest ideals of peace and compassion. When fearful martydom came to our people in the decade of Nazi terror, the voice of the Pope was raised in compassion for the victims."(Reuters, October 10,1958)

In his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus (October, 1939), in his Christmas addresses, in his radio appeals, in his allocution to the College of Cardinals on June 2, 1943, Pius XII condemned race-based murder, and thus came to the clear, public defense of European Jews - a fact recognized at the time, even if it is generally ignored or denied today.

On October 1, 1942, the Times of London editorialized: "A study of the words which Pope Pius XII has addressed since his accession in encyclicals and allocutions to the Catholics of various nations leaves no room for doubt. He condemns the worship of force and its concrete manifestation in the suppression of national liberties and in the persecution of the Jewish race."

Charles Pichon, a leading wartime correspondent, described Pius XII's wartime addresses succinctly: "The pontifical texts condemned most strongly the anti-Semitic persecutions, the oppression of invaded lands, the inhuman conduct of the war, and also the deification of the Race, the State and the Class." (The Vatican and its Role in World Affairs, New York: E. P. Dutton, 1950, p. 167)

In reaction to his 1942 Christmas address, the Nazis themselves, furious about Pius XII's public stand, railed: "That this speech is directed exclusively against the New Order in Europe as seen in National Socialism is clear in the Papal statement that mankind owes a debt to ‘all who during the war have lost their Fatherland and who, although personally blameless have, simply on account of their nationality and origin, been killed or reduced to utter destitution.' Here he is virtually accusing the German people of injustice towards the Jews, and makes himself the mouthpiece of the Jewish war criminals." (The Vatican in the Age of the Dictators, 1922-1945, by Anthony Rhodes, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973, p.273).

Similar examples of Pius's anti-Nazi, pro-Jewish statements are found in the wartime issues of the Palestine Post, the New York Times, the Tablet of London and the Jewish press of various countries.

How is it possible, then, that anyone could say Pius XII was "silent" in the face of Nazi mass murder? There must be a reason - but perhaps the reason is not based on fact and truth. And this could be due to disinformation.

One source of what seems to be slander against Pope Pius is the Soviet propaganda machine which directed some of its efforts against Pius after the Second World War.

The Soviets had good reason to wish to weaken the moral authority of the Popes and of the Church: the Church was opposed to them in Eastern Europe, and elsewhere around the world.

The Communists employed the techniques of "misinformation" and "disinformation" with considerable skill - although in retrospect, the efforts sometimes seem clumsy enough, once the truth is made clear.

In the case of Pope Pius XII, this campaign climaxed in the now-discredited propaganda play, The Deputy, by Rolf Hochhuth (1963), which had a powerful impact on a world trying to understand the horror of Hitler's "Final Solution."

Suddenly, public opinion was mesmermized by Hochhuth's grotesque allegations that Pius was in a sense "Hitler's deputy," despite the actual historical record.

Among the first to refute the allegations against Pius was Robert M. W. Kempner, the Deputy Chief Prosecutor at Nuremberg and a Jewish refugee from Hitler's genocide. Having mastered the "relevant archives," he exposed the false allegation that Pius XII was silent, and that he failed to protest Hitler's unspeakable crimes, and that that is how they came to reach the proportions they did: "Both the premise and the conclusion drawn from it are equally untenable. The archives of the Vatican, of the diocesan authorities and of Ribbentrop's Foreign Ministry contain a whole series of protests - direct and indirect, diplomatic and public, secret and open." (Hungarian Jewry and the Papacy: Pius XII was Not Silent, by Jeno Levai, London: Sands and Company, p. X).

As for the claim that the Vatican is holding back key documents regarding Pius's actions, thousands of relevant documents have already been made public, and thousands more are being prepared for release. The process is slow because of the number of documents and necessity that each be carefully handled. From 1965-1981, the Holy See published 12 thick volumes of wartime documents (Actes et Documents), four of which deal with the Holy See's humanitarian assistance alone. It's clear that many of Pius's most inveterate critics have never even consulted them, much less fully acknowledged what they contain. Father Robert Graham, one of the 12-volume collection's editors, describes their importance: "They embrace every imaginable form of activity to help stricken mankind without discrimination."

With regard to the Pope's impassioned response to the Holocaust, Graham continued: "It is impossible to portray in a few words the extensive correspondence of the Vatican in reference to the deportation of the European Jews, particularly for the years 1942 to 1944. Nearly every world Jewish rescue organization at work in the field is represented. Appearing in the list of organizations whose appeals to the Holy See were readily acted on are: the World Jewish Congress (both the London and Geneva centers), the American Jewish Congress, the Jewish Agency for Palestine, Agudas Israel, the Emergency Committee to save the Jews of Europe, the American Jewish Committee, the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of the United States and Canada.

Prominent Jewish leaders in view included Rabbi Isaac Herzog of Jerusalem, and Chief Rabbi Hertz of England." ("The Good Samaritan in World War II," Catholic League Newsletter, May 15, 1989)

As Dimitri Cavalli showed, in his article, "The Good Samaritan: Jewish Praise for Pope Pius XII," originally published in Inside the Vatican (October, 2000), Actes and Documents, as well as the Jewish wartime press, chronicle and record Pius XII's extraordinary efforts on behalf of persecuted Jews, and the Jewish community's extremely high praise of him. (Here is a link to the story:

The War Refugee Board, created by President Roosevelt to aid Europe's persecuted Jews, was keenly aware of the key role the Vatican played. In his final Summary Report (September 15, 1945), Executive Director John H. Pehle wrote: "The Holy See and the Vatican hierarchy throughout Europe were solicited time and again for special assistance both as a channel of communication to the leaders and people of enemy territory, and as a means of rendering direct aid to suffering victims of Hitler. The Catholic clergy saved and protected many thousands and the Vatican rendered invaluable assistance to the Board and to the persecuted in Nazi hands." (Cited in "Relations of Pius XII and the Catholic Community and Jewish Organizations," by Father Robert A. Graham, S.J., in The Italian Refuge: Rescue of Jews During the Holocaust, edited by Ivo Herzer, Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1989, p. 232)

Among Pius XII's impressive (but least known) achievements are the establishment of the Pontifical Relief Commission, and the Vatican Information Office. The first distributed massive amounts of food, medicine and clothing to people of all creeds and nationalities, throughout war-torn Europe; the second fielded millions of wartime inquiries, on prisoners of war and other missing or displaced people, helping re-unite countless desperate families. In 2004, the Vatican, adding to the abundance of material in Actes et Documents, released over 1,500 pages of new documentation on this extraordinary agency, showing the depth and breath of Pius XII's creation. Some of Pius XII's interventions for Jews was so great that it actually stirred complaints from others who believed Pius had a "preference" for them ("Pius XII's Aid to Jews was so Great that it Stirred Protests," Zenit News Agency, July 4, 2004; Link:

In a sense, that was true: those most at risk garnered Pius's most immediate attention, though everyone suffering came under his loving concern.

A prime example of the Pope's concerted efforts on behalf of Jews occurred during the German Occupation of Rome (Sept. 1943-June, 1944), as both Michael Tagliacozzo and Sr. Grazia Loparco have documented. Tagliacozzo, a Roman Jew who was himself a survivor of the Nazi roundup of Rome's Jews in 1943, and the outstanding authority on that event, has testified that Pius XII "was the only one who intervened to impede the deportation of Jews on October 16, 1943, and he did very much to hide and save thousands of us. It was no small matter that he ordered the opening of cloistered convents. Without him, many of our own would not be alive." ("Jewish Historian Praises Pius XII's Wartime Conduct," Zenit News Agency, October 26, 2000; link:

Sr. Loparco, also a top scholar of the period, adds: "From the documentation and testimonies emerges evidence of the full support and instruction of Pius XII.... Many concrete events, such as the opening of cloistered monasteries and convents, prove the fact that many Jews were lodged because of the direct concern of the Vatican, which also provided food and assistance." ("When Rome's Religious Houses Saved Jews," Zenit News Agency, January 21, 2005; link:

The Underlying Meaning

Pope Benedict will visit Rome's synagogue to promote Catholic-Jewish understanding.

The half-truths and propaganda concerning Pius XII should not cloud the occasion.

Anyone inclined to confront Benedict with historical myths and inaccuracies would do well to recall the message of gratitude Isaac Herzog, the chief Rabbi of Jerusalem, sent to Pius for his efforts to confront the Nazi terror in 1944: "The people of Israel will never forget what His Holiness and his illustrious delegates, inspired by the eternal principles of religion which form the very foundations of true civilization, are doing for our unfortunate brothers and sisters in this most tragic hour of history, which is living proof of divine providence in this world." (February 28, 1944, Actes et Documents, volume X, pp. 291-292).

In addition, Pius's detractors might want recall what Rome's former chief rabbi, Dr. Elio Toaff, said at the time of Pius XII's death in 1958: "More than any other people, the Italian Jews had experienced the great pity and supreme generosity of the Pontiff during the unhappy years of persecution and terror, when it seemed to them they had no way of escape. His Jewish compatriots will everlastingly remember with gratitude the papal ruling to open the doors of convents and parish houses to them. The Jewish community is in mourning for the death of Pius XII and with sincere sentiments it raises its prayers to the Lord that he may grant his generous and chosen soul every beatitude." (The Tablet of London, October 25, 1958).


Oct 14th 1864 Cork Examiner
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMES. SIR,-There can be no doubt about the fattening properties of sugar. It is well known that during the sugar-cane harvest in our West India Colonies everybody, human and animal, gets rapidly fat, especially the negroes and their children. The same remark applies to the ladies of the harem in Turkey, who are expected-and, in fact, compelled-to eat a great variety of sweetmeats to produce rotundity. As a juror in the exhibition of 1851, I was much struck with the variety of sugar preparations in the Turkish department, and ascertained the cause. Your correspondent "F.R.S." is right as to the admixture of starch, but he should remember that we eat potatoes, bread puddings, &c., abounding in starch. There was no mistake about my increase or decrease of weight. Probably I am what in agriculture we call a "good doer," like many very corpulent friends, who get fat upon a little, while certain very great feeders are as lean as rakes. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, J. J. MECHI. Tiptree-hall, near Kelvedon, Oct. 11.
My usual weight is 15 stone, to which I mean to try to limit myself.

26 Oct 1864 Cork Examiner

(Before Messrs. W. LYONS, N. DUNSCOMBE, and J. L. CRONIN, R.M.) A FOREIGN seaman, named Pasquale Tedecicowitzengraff, charged a woman named Honorah M'Carthy with having robbed him of £2 12s. last night. It appeared that the woman enticed the prosecutor into a house in Furze's- alley, where his money was stolen from him, while he was asleep. Informations were taken against the prisoner, and a prosecution was directed against the proprietor of the house in which Tedecico-witzengraff was robbed.

27 Oct 1864 Examiner

------ Died at Cahirciveen, on the 20th instant, after a month's illness, borne with Christian resignation, Daniel Mahony, Esq., aged 42 years. He was an indulgent agent, a kind friend, with an open hand for the poor, and a generous contributor to every work of utility or charity. Frequently during his illness he caused the holy sacrifice of the mass to be offered in his room, at which he assisted, and received the body of our Lord with the most edifying devotion. Having received the last rites of the church he departed this life at three o'clock, p.m., on Thursday, surrounded and sustained by many friends. Of him it may be truly said that he passed through life without making an enemy or losing a friend. While living we loved him, now that he is dead we mourn our loss, and from our heart, of hearts we pray peace and rest to his soul.
DEATHS. At Cahirciveen, on the 20th instant, after a months' illness, borne with Christian resignation, Daniel Mahony, Esq., aged 42 years, for many years agent to the O'Connell property in that district.
On the 24th instant, at the house of her brother, 21, Molesworth-street, Dublin, Sarah, relict of the late Samuel Dufour, Esq., aged 78 years.
On the 25th instant, at 25, Westland Row, Dublin, Jane, relict of the late Wm. D. Keightley, Esq.
On the 17th instant, at Killarney, Albert L. Jenner, Esq., aged 56.
Oct. 25, at his residence, 14, St. James's-terrace, Dublin, Hugh O'Brennan Clinch, Esq.
October 23, at Kilglass Glebe, County Roscommon, Henry Crofton Lloyd, fifth son of the Rev. Thomas Lloyd, aged 24 years.
October 23, at Liverpool, John Graves, infant son of Robert Newell, Esq.
October 16, at Dinlingstown, county Kilkenny, Mr. John Dunphy, late of the Irish College, Rome, aged 35 years.
October 24, at Edinburgh, Walter Nugent, Esq., of Chester-street, Belgravia, London, baron of the Austrian Empire, aged 64 years.

28 Oct 1864 Examiner

DEATH OF A POOR SHIRTMAKER.-On Monday afternoon Dr. Lankester, the coroner for Central Middlesex, held an enquiry at the Oporto Stores, Bloomsbury, touching the death of Caroline Smith, who had resided at No. 9, Crown-street. The deceased obtained a scanty living by making the bodies of shirts, and, though represented as a steady hard-working woman, she was sometimes unable to make a shirt in the course of a long day's work, the price obtained for each shirt being 4d. Last winter she suffered severely from want of food, and fearing bad times to come she had saved something out of her poor earnings, and when searched after her death the sum of 1 s. 6d. was found on her person. Mr. Bannister, the surgeon, was called in to see her, and though he lost no time in obeying the summons she was dead before his arrival. She had suffered, he said, from bed bruises, and death was caused by the cessation of the heart's action, accelerated by want. The bed on which she had been lying was nothing but a heap of dirty rags. It was proved by her neighbours that the deceased had eaten nothing for three days. All the relief she obtained from the parish was half a quartern loaf about a week before her death. No medical aid was provided by the parish. A juror remarked that they could not throw blame on any one if the deceased had had proper medical attention, to which the coroner replied that death was undoubtedly caused in consequence of the want of proper medical attendance. The jury returned a verdict of "Natural death accelerated by want of proper attendance."

The Boston Pilot gives the following (which is only a partial) list of the Catholic Union Generals, who have served in this war :-Major-Generals-William S. Rosecrans, Quincy A. Gilmore, George S. Meade, E. O. C. Ord, Philip H. Sheridan, John G. Foster, George Stoneman, James Shields, Daniel E. Sickles, David S. Stanley, John Newton, Alfred Pleasanton, -- Richardson, Joseph B. Carr, and H. J. Hunt. Brigadier- Generals-Thomas Francis Meagher, Michael Corcoran, Thomas W. Sweeny, Patrick Edward Conner, M. K. Lawler, Thomas Ewing, jun. , Hugh Ewing, Regis de Trobriand, Thomas C. Devin, Charles P. Stone, J. W. Sherman, and Alfred N. Duffie. Acting-Brigadier- Generals- James E. Mallon, Patrick H. O'Rorke, M. T. Donahue, James A. Mulligan, Florence M. Cornyn, Stephen M'Groarty, Richard Byrnes, Patrick Helley, and Mathew Murphy.

Oct 4 1864

DEATHS. September 1, at the siege of Atlanta, Albert Kennelly, son of Mr. Dominic Kennelly, of New York, formerly of this city.
On the 4th instant, at College road, in this city, Mrs. Eliza Fryer, aged 56 years.
August 31, at Bermuda, of malignant yellow fever, Henry Stewart Lodge, assistant-surgeon 2nd Regiment, son of the late Rev. William Lodge, rector of Killybegs, county Donegal.
July 16, at Sandbridge, Australia, Jane, wife of M. Prendergast, Esq., barrister, and third daughter of the late L. C. Smyth, of Snugborough, county Meath.

The Cork Examiner, 4 October 1864
It having come to my knowledge that there are numerous Agents, Runners, Boarding-house Keepers, who are employed by Speculators in the United States to induce strangers, under the offer of high wages and other promises to leave Canada, I wish to warn you against listening to the advice of all such persons. They are generally to be met with in places of public resort, and may not unfrequently be your fellow passengers on steamers and railroad cars. You cannot be too guarded in receiving their advice which they nearly always manage to give unsolicited. Their object is to deceive and mislead you, in the hope of securing the Bounty Money offered by the American Government for Recruits.
Many Emigrants have suffered from want of caution in this respect. They have probably been induced to accept a friendly invitation to drink, then drugged, and recovering their sense found themselves enlisted, and at the mercy of unscrupulous men.
You should also bear in mind, that owing to the depreciation of American currency, the United States Paper Dollar, which was formerly worth 4s. sterling, is now reduced to 1s. 8d., or about 2s. Canada funds ; and that all the necessaries of life are increased from 200 to 300 per cent., while wages have only advanced about 50 per cent.
If you are in any doubt, or want of advice, apply at once to any of the Government Emigration Agents, stationed in the chief cities of the province, viz. :-Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa, Kingston, Toronto, and Hamilton, where every protection will be afforded you.
A. C. BUCHANAN, Chief Agent.
Government Emigration Office, Quebec,
30th August, 1864,

---- The following is extracted from a letter sent to Dundee, by an Emigrant who went out from Dundee, in the Bayswater, from Liverpool, January 29th, 1864 :- Rockhampton, Queensland, 5th June, 1864, I believe there never was a ship that left Britain with passengers in which they were so well treated as we were on board the Bayswater, of the "Black Ball" Line, by the Doctor, Captain, and other officers of the ship ; and, although we had not one of the quickest passages, we had one of the best on record. We had not what you call a gale of wind all the way. I have kept a note of every day's proceedings since I left, and, in course of time, will send you a full, true, and particular account of the voyage. We weighed anchor on Friday, the 5th February, and cast anchor in Keppel Bay, on Monday, 23rd May, at 2 p.m., making the passage in 108 days. It was on Thursday, the 26th, before we landed in Rockhampton. The ship can only come to within sixty miles of Rockhampton. A steamboat brought us the rest of the way, and when we landed at the quay there were six horses and carts waiting on us and our luggage. We were all taken to the depot, and served out with tea and sugar, bread and beef, and I am still living at the depot, and at the expense of the Queensland Government.
I am going to begin work to-morrow at the joiner trade, with a Highlandman for my master, named M'Gregor, and 12s. a day for eight hours and seven for Saturdays. I have also met in with Mackenzie from Inverness in business here as a saddler. He has a brother in Inverness a saddler ; and one in Melbourne. Mackenzie has four men working to him. I do not know how many M'Gregor has, but I got work for other two men that came out with M'Gregor. Shoemakers and tailors will do well here. Tailors 10s. a day with rations, and shoemakers from £3 to £3 15s. a week with their rations. Labourers from 18s. to £1 5s. a week with rations, and lodgings for himself and wife. Single men, shepherds to go up to the country (say from two to six hundred miles), £40, £45, and £50 a year with rations. All the young men that came out with me in the steerage, 78 in number, have gone to be shepherds. Most of them know as much about sheep as you do. I was offered £60 with our rations to go up the country 200 miles and would not take it. The single girls are getting 10s., 12s., and 15s. a week. We are only 12 days landed and the most of us have got work. But you can get a pamphlet from Mr. George Percival, 23, Bath-street, Liverpool, who is the Queensland Government Agent, which will give you a deal of valuable information about the colony.
When I landed we had between us somewhere about eightpence, so that none of you need be afraid to come. The Government have to pay me about £6 for duties I performed on the voyage out, but as the ship has to go back to Brisbane with the rest of the passengers, I cannot get my money until then, or until they are landed. If I had been paid I would have sent you the money in this letter ; and as this is the first mail since I landed, I thought it was well to send you these few lines to let you know of our safe arrival in the meantime.
When we landed the 4lb. loaf was 1s. 6d., it is down to 1s. 2d. since ; tea, 2s. 6d. ; sugar, 5d. to 6d. per lb. ; beef, 2d., 3d., and 4d., per lb. ; mutton, 6d. per lb. ; tobacco, 6s. per lb. ; whiskey, brandy, rum, and gin, 8s. per bottle. Ale and porter, 2s. 6d. per bottle ; lemonade, 6d. per bottle. Nothing in a public-house under 6d. Half a glass of whiskey, brandy, rum, or gin, 6d. ANDREW FRAKER.

This morning, Timothy M'Carthy, otherwise Souney, was sent off
under an escort of the Royal Cork Volunteers, to be executed
To-morrow at Dunmanway, for attacking the house of John Gilman,
Esq. near that town. Any person now detected in breaking into a
house, can expect no mercy after this example.


On the 25th December inst., without any Cause whatever, HENRY MULHOLLAND, my indented Apprentice to the Blacksmith Business-had on when he absconded, a Blue Jacket, Black Waistcoat, and Corduroy Smallclothes; is about five Feet seven inches high, well made, dark Complexion, short Hair, and smooth faced. -Any Person harbouring, or employing my said Apprentice, after this Notice, shall be prosecuted as the Law directs in such Cases. HUGH MOUNTFORD. Belfast, Ann-street, Dec. 31, 1799.
N. B. By said Mulholland's immediate Return, without any more Trouble, to his Employ, he may expect as good Treatment as heretofore.

The Belfast News-Letter, 26 April 1800
Dublin, April 22.
Napper Tandy is to be tried on Monday fe'nnight.
Lloyd's List of the 11th says that the Inflexible, Wassenaar, Stately, and Alkmaar, men of war ; Romulas, Expedition, Pallas, Charon, Hebe, and Vestal frigates, and Serapis storeship, with troops on board, are bound to Waterford.
In the county of Wicklow near the Glen of Imauel, Captain Dwyer's gang surprised and disarmed some soldiers, sending them not only empty but naked away.
In the county Kildare, a little beyond Ballytore, last Wednesday the Post-boy was stopped and robbed by three men armed with blunderbusses.
Yesterday morning, between six and seven o'clock, a Gentleman was robbed on the public road at Baggotrath, close to Dublin, by five armed men.
Lifford Assizes ended on Wednesday last, and proved a maiden one, there not having been a single conviction of any kind for and offence whatever, which proves the happy state of tranquillity and industry of the county of Donegall. This circumstance intitles [sic] the Judge to a pair of gold fringe gloves from the Sheriff.
Henry Stokes and Patrick Sheehan, found guilty by a General Court Martial at Limerick, of the murder of Messrs. Boland, were on Monday morning last taken form the new Barrack, under an escort of the Lancashire dragoons, to the hill of Fedamore, where they were hanged, after which their bodies were brought to Limerick and thrown into Croppies'-hole at the new gaol.
Sheehan, on the morning of his execution, informed a gentleman, that if he would give him his oath that his (Sheehan's) life would be saved, he would give the most useful information, not only of nocturnal rebel-meetings, and of the vast number of arms in their possession, but of their intended robberies and assassination.
Same day Moriarty, for prevarication on the trial of the above convicts, received 100 lashes at the foot of the gallows, in part of his sentence.
Among the spectators who attended at the execution of the murderers at Fedamore, on Monday last, a man of the name of Patrick Haneen was recognized and brought to the county gaol, against whom we are assured, there is positive proof of his being the first person who set fire to the murdered and much lamented Mr. J. Boland's house at Manister.
Saturday fe'nnight John Brien, lately tried by a Court-Martial for the murder of Nathaniel Brien, was hanged at Clonlawrence, near Beerhaven, county of Cork, pursuant to the sentence of the Court.

AT a Meeting of Lodge No. 673, held at Portaferry on Tuesday the 1st April, 1800.
Resolved-That we highly disapprove of the introduction of Political Subjects into Orange Lodges, considering such as foreign to the object of our Institution, as it must finally prove fatal to the Institution itself.
Resolved-That our thanks be returned to the Grand Lodge, for their well timed instructions upon this subject, which, with any others they may favour us with, we are determined to abide by.
[The foregoing advertisement was mislaid, otherwise it would have been inserted sooner.]

Belfast News-Letter, 9 September 1800

Convictions in the City
John Keating for forging bank notes, to be publicly whipped from gate to gate on Saturday next, and to be imprisoned twelve months. Bridget Nowlan, for conspiring with said John Keating and others to cheat and defraud the bankers of Cork, to be imprisoned 12 months. Cath. Hinchy, for stealing a bundle of cloth, the property of John Reardon, burned in the hand and to be imprisoned two calendar months. Catherine Ahern, for petty larceny, to be privately whipped in gaol. Mary Murphy, for feloniously stealing a cotton gown and several other articles of wearing apparel, the property of Mary Roberts, to be transported for seven years. Thomas Crowley, for uttering seditious expressions, fined one mark. Mary Guess, for petty larceny, to be privately whipped in gaol.

Newspaper: TIPPERARY, Compendium of Crime, Nenagh Guardian 1838-1839 Part 1
Copyright 2007, Ireland Genealogy Project Archives, All rights reserved.
Contributed by Mary Heaphy

From the Nenagh Guardian March 9th 1839.
From a compendium of crime in the County Of Tipperary, as recorded in the
Nenagh Guardian form the first publication on the 21st July 1838 to the
13th.March 1839. Comprising a period of 8 months.
July 21st 1838.

John Kennedy, who had been placed as and agent by Denis Canny, Esq, over
some of his property, about three miles from Nenagh, and from a situation a
man named Gleeson had been removed. Kennedy was fired at nearly two years
ago, and shot through the arm, for which offence two sons of Gleeson, were
prosecuted by him at the Assizes in Clonmel, but acquitted in consequence of
the Prosecuter's testimony being shaken by a celebrated cross-examiner on
the Leinster circuit, and ever since he has been obliged to carry fire arms
for protection. He has been repeatedly served with threatening notices, and
on Monday morning last, about 4 O'Clock, these notices were carried into
full force against him. As he was proceeding at that early hour to look
after the cattle under his care, he was pounced upon by a number of men, and
murdered in a savage manner; he was a very muscular man, and the ditch and
grass in the place where he was murdered bore marks of a furious struggle.
At the time he was murdered he was armed with a stick and pistol, but such
was the plan laid for his destruction, that these weapons were of no avail
to him. It was known by his assassins, that he should pass through a narrow
lane or Boreen, and inside the ditches they divided themselves into two
parties, and when the fated man entered this passage, they set upon him,
blockaded him up, and accomplished their deadly purpose, for as he escaped
the pistol on a former occasion , they were determined , as the nature of
his wounds proves, he should no more be a living witness against his

Grevious Assault. July 21st 1838
John Gleeson was waylaidand assaulted by John Ready and others, by beating
him with a stone on the head.
Wm. Fogarty, assaulted by John Guinan, being beaten severely with a stick.
Patrick Maher, assaulted by Thomas Brett, with a stick loaded with iron, in
the town of Nenagh.
William Carroll, assaulted by Thaddeus Kelly, at Ballygany, on his return
home from the market at Nenagh.
Michael fahy, assaulted by Edward Peters, by throwing a stone at him in the
witness box whilst in the Court House in Nenagh, and knocking him down.
A man named Kennedy, a Roman Catholic, grievously assaulted by three men in
the town of Nenagh, because he voted for the Conservative Candidates last
Calandar at Summer assizes in Clonmel.
Murder 43
Aiding in murder 15
Conspiracy to murder 1
Grevious assault 12
Rape 4
Shooting at persons 3
Perjury 2
Robbery of arms 1
Manslaughter 1
Forged notes 3
Escaping from Gaol 4
Arson 2
Child Stealing 2
Highway Robbery 2
Vagrancy 5
Cow Stealing 5
Burglary 1
Pig Stealing 5
Larceny 2
Total 113

The house of Jos. Palmer, of Bantiss, near Nenagh, was entered by two men
armed with a case of pistols each, who robbed it of a case of pistols, a
blunderbuss and 20 guineas.

Michael Clancy attacked by a man named Cahill at Powerstown, his skull
A noted character, named Maher, was arrested and lodged in Cashel Bridewell,
for the murder of Donnelly, the father of 7 children, when on his return
from Cashel to Clonoulty.
Nenagh Quarter sessions.
Rule of Court.
Transported for 7 years-Edward Peters, and Rosanna Melvin.
Daniel Gibbins, grevious assault-3 months hard labour.
Thomas Gibbins, grevious assault-3 months hard labour.
James and Pat Caplis, grevious assault, 6 months hard labour.
Thady kelly, Do. 9 months.
Thomas Brett, Do. 4 months.
John and Frederick Mossop, forcible possession, fined £1.
Thomas Hennessy, affray, 3 months hard Labour.
Four Talbots and James Gleeson, Do, Fined.
James Quinlan, Larceny, 6 months hard Labour.
John Power, assault. 3 months hard labour.
4 women, larceny, 3 to 9 months.
Daniel and John Ryan, assault 3 months hard labour.

Wm. Ryan, Michael Ryan, and John Leonard, affray, 4 months hard labour.
Patrick Healy and Michael Cahill, assault, 3 months hard labour.
Aug 4th.

The gate-house of Thomas stoney, esq. of Kyle Park, broken into by 6 armed
men, who robbed it of several stands of arms.

A man named Shea waylaid on his return home from the fair of Toomevara, his
skull badly fractured. A man named Maxwell, and three Ryans were arrested
for the assault. Shea died in less than 10 days after. A man named Bourke
was subsequently arrested for the murder.

A man named Martin Kennelly was beaten and greviously injured by four men
named Gorman, Hennessy, Shea and Bourke, who were apprehended.

Four soldiers of the 48th Regiment were robbed of 60 rounds of Ball

John Hayes and Pat Hayes, severely beaten at Kilmastulla. P. Hayes's skull
was so severely fractured, he is not expected to recover-For refusing to
drink O'Connell's health.

Denis Tracey's cabin, near Borrisoleigh was smashed with stones, and the
doors, windows, and gate smashed to pieces-inmates escaped.

Henry O'Grady was knocked off his horse near Newport, and robbed of his
watch and £18.10.

John Hourigan, of Ballina, arrested as being an accomplice in the murder of
Edward Hogan, in Nenagh.

A tailor named Deer, was struck in the neck and cut under the ear by a
shears by another tailor named Leahy.

A man named Ryan died from a beating he received at the Fair of Templemore.

A woman was found murdered on the road side near Templemore, her head being
dreadfully fractured-Verdict, murder against some person or persons unknown.

James Kelly, apprehended, charged with the murder of Edward Hogan in Nenagh.


  April 2010


According to a recent article in, "In February the Young Driver program, of which Pirelli is a major sponsor, received a measure of negative press after the publishing of comments by a Police Federation inspector and a RoSPA representative. Ken Clinton, head of road safety for the RoSPA, went as far as commenting that the scheme "will probably mean youngsters will take fewer lessons when they come to learn to drive, and if they take fewer lessons they will get less experience." In defense of the scheme, Pirelli has responded that a flood of evidence supports the initiative and the positive impact it will have on reducing the number of road accidents across Britain. As Pirelli explains, the concept that accidents can be reduced if drivers are able to learn from a younger age is based upon scientific research in Sweden where the age limit for driving was lowered from 17 and a half to 16 years in the 1990s. This age reduction effectively extended the length of time between when a novice driver first sat behind the wheel and the granting of a full license. The implementation of this new law reduced the risk for novice drivers of being involved in an accident by approximately 40 percent, thus demonstrating that increased experience behind the wheel results in a lower risk of accidents. The Young Driver initiative, which operates at weekends and during school holidays, is designed to provide lessons in a safe environment so that children can familiarize themselves with the a car's controls and instruments, focus on learning vehicle control and gain invaluable experience before having to deal with real life road traffic situations."


Newspaper links to local items Listowel Bishop Kerry Various Lawlor Nuns Nick Moore Fr Long


Comment: Priest

Comment: Nun Listowel

Comment: Murphy Priest


Comment: Pres convent

Comment: Catholic


Comment: Creamery




November 23, 2012

(JTA) -- The Oslo Jewish Museum will open an exhibition on the Holocaust in Norway exactly 70 years after hundreds of Norwegian Jews were shipped to Auschwitz.

The museum will open the exhibition on Nov. 26th 2012 at exactly 2:55 p.m., the time of departure 70 years ago of the passenger ship Luna, which carried 552 Jews destined for the extermination camp in Poland. In total, 40 percent of Norwegian Jewry, or 772 people, was deported; only a handful of them survived, according to the museum. The remaining 60 percent fled to neutral Sweden.

The exhibition focuses on the deportation itself, which was conducted by Norwegian police and militia members, according to Mats Tangestuen, the museum’s historian, and includes video interviews with 21 survivors.

A small part of the exhibition examines the life that about 900 Norwegian Jews who lived in exile in Sweden.

Earlier this year. Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg formally apologized for his country’s role in the Nazi persecution of Jews.